There are 3 main types of Lavenders with different blooming seasons: Lavandula stoechas (Spanish Lavender), Lavandula angustifolia (English Lavender) and Lavandula x intermedia (Lavandin). Some are early bloomers, with their magnificent blooms appearing in early spring. Others are late bloomers with blooms opening up in midsummer.
Most early blooming Lavenders are Lavandula stoechas (French Lavender) but some cultivars of Lavandula angustifolia (English Lavender) are also prized for their early spring blooms.
- Lavandula stoechas, also called Spanish Lavender or Butterfly Lavender is recognizable by the conspicuous sterile bracts resembling extravagant ears, on top of the short dense inﬂorescence. Grown for its silvery aromatic leaves, its very distinctive flowers, however, steal the show with their "ears" sprouting from each flower head. This Lavender loves hot weather, but is more tender (Hardiness 8-9) than other Lavenders. A beautiful selection for mass plantings or containers.
Flowering typically occurs as early as May (in areas with mild summers and winters) with another flush of blooms in June followed by another flush of color in late summer or fall.
- Lavandula angustifolia, also called True Lavender or Common Lavender has long been cultivated for its high quality lavender oil. Cultivars of this species tend to be compact in habit and have grayish green narrow leaves and relatively short compact ﬂower spikes. This Lavender type is great for formal or informal edging along walkways, raised wall beds, rock gardens, herb gardens and in mass plantings.
Flowering typically occurs in June or July and tends to last 3-4 weeks. However, some cultivars add beauty in the garden as early as May.
- Note: Bloom times highly depend on weather conditions. Spring may arrive sooner or later in your area than in California or New England. But the bloom sequence of Lavenders remains unchanged. Early blooming Lavenders will always be the first ones to show off in the garden, whether this is in May or June in your area.