Guides: Mediterranean Garden Styles

 

Cold-Hardy Agaves for Your Garden

Agave plants grow best in the Southwest and Mediterranean climates, but some are quite cold hardy.

Ceanothus (California Lilac)

Ceanothus, commonly known as California Lilac, offer almost everything a gardener could wish for in a shrub: free-flowering, lovely foliage, ease of cultivation, drought and salt tolerance. Fast growing, these desirable shrubs draw attention with their stunning blue, white or pink flowers. When a California Lilac bursts into bloom, it is a breathtaking sight to behold.

Agaves

Native to the southern United States, Mexico, the Caribbean and northern South America, Agaves are evergreen succulents with handsome rosettes of usually thick, rigid, fleshy leaves with marginal teeth and often a sharp terminal spine. They exist in a wide range of sizes, colors and offer an amazing array of leaf shapes.

Aeoniums

Mostly native to the Canary Islands off the west coast of North Africa, Aeoniums are fascinating evergreen succulents with irresistible rosettes of fleshy, pinwheel leaves. Attractive when not blooming, they are particularly striking with their bright racemes of small, star-shaped flowers.

Echeverias

Native to Mexico and Central America, Echeverias are regarded by many as one of the most beautiful succulents. Evergreen, they form attractive rosettes of fleshy leaves and often resemble plum-petaled roses, waterlilies or ruffled lettuce. There are dozens of species, and hundreds of cultivars offering a wide array of colors, sizes or leaf shapes.

Aloes

Native to sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, and Arabia, Aloes are evergreen succulents with usually spiny leaves arranged in neat rosettes, and spectacular, candle-like inflorescences bearing clusters of brilliant yellow, orange or red, tubular flowers. They exist in a wide range of sizes, colors and offer an amazing array of leaf shapes.

Anthemis tinctoria (Golden Marguerite)

Eye-catching, Anthemis tinctoria is a vigorous perennial that will light up your garden throughout summer with its abundant blooms of shining golden yellow flowers atop a fragrant lacy foliage.

Gaura lindheimeri (Beeblossom)

Native to Texas and Louisiana, Lindheimer's Beeblossom (Gaura Lindheimeri) is a remarkably pretty perennial plant with tall, airy-looking flowers giving the appearance of butterflies floating in the garden.

Eryngium bourgatii (Mediterranean Sea Holly)

Perfect for sunny and dry locations! Eryngium bourgatii (Mediterranean Sea Holly) is a lovely addition to the garden or mixed containers for various reasons.

Triteleia laxa (Ithuriel's Spear)

Easy to grow, undemanding, beautiful and adaptable!

Hardy Perennial Salvias (Sage)

With their vertical, densely packed flower spikes, ranging from rich indigo-blue to violet to purple, these hardy salvias contribute to create incredibly beautiful and contrasting combinations with other perennials and ornamental grasses

Salvia guaranitica (Blue Anise Sage)

Blooming from mid summer to fall to the delight of hummingbirds and butterflies, Salvia guaranitica is easy to grow, fairly pest and disease free and requires low maintenance.

Lathyrus odoratus (Sweet Pea)

Native to the Mediterranean region, Lathyrus odoratus (Sweet Pea) is a bushy or climbing annual noted for the delicious scent of its lovely flowers. Blooming in a wide array of enchanting colors, Sweet peas deserve a spot in sunny borders, containers, on arches and treillises where they will happily twine and release their fabulous scent.

Gazania (Treasure Flower)

Native to South Africa, African Daisies (Arctotis) are showy tender perennials exhibiting brightly colored daisy-like flowers, up to 3 in. wide (8 cm), contrasting with their black or yellow center disks and their beautiful, finely cut, silvery-green foliage

Grevillea

Primarily native to Australia, Grevillea are evergreen shrubs or trees of great beauty with needle-like to fern-like foliage and incredibly flamboyant flowers. Most Grevillea varieties are very fast growing, tough and low maintenance. Easy to grow, they tolerate drought, heat, and grow well in poor soils as long as they are well-drained.

Arctotis (African Daisy)

Native to South Africa, African Daisies (Arctotis) are showy tender perennials exhibiting brightly colored daisy-like flowers, up to 3 in. wide (8 cm), contrasting with their black or yellow center disks and their beautiful, finely cut, silvery-green foliage

Agastache (Hyssop)

A wonderful perennial that adds color and a spiky texture to your garden! Agastache are beautiful, aromatic herbaceous perennials, rich of many qualities: broad color palette, lovely vertical lines, abundant blooms, drought and heat tolerance, great versatility

Agapanthus (Lily Of The Nile)

Agapanthus are such flamboyant and exotic-looking perennials that it is impossible not to love them!

Cannas (Canna Lilies)

Often grown for their dramatic foliage - large banana like leaves - Cannas provide a strong ornamental interest and immediately give a touch of the tropics in the garden.

Tigridia pavonia (Tiger Flower)

Commonly called Mexican Shell Flower or Tiger Flower, Tigridia is a treasure of the mid - late summer garden. Its large flared flowers are vividly colored and come in two-tone combinations pairing white, pink, red, orchid, yellow or orange with contrasting center spots

Lavandula angustifolia (English Lavender)

Often associated with the famous purple fields of Provence, Lavandula angustifolia, also called English Lavender, is not native to England but to the Mediterranean. Ideal for garden borders, cooking and potpourri, this lavender also produces the best oils.

Lavandula stoechas (Lavender)

Their distinctive flowers steal the show with their "ears" sprouting from each flower head.

Anemone coronaria (Poppy Anemone)

Their look is every bit as dramatic in the garden as it is in the vase! Anemone coronaria are most often found as cut flowers, but these vivid poppy-like flowers also thrive in the home garden where their broad, bright faces are highly appealing.

Best Flower Bulbs for Mediterranean Gardens in Cool Countries

Here is a list of suitable flower bulbs, corms or rhizomes for your Mediterranean Garden that will pop up in profusion every spring or fall. Most of them originate from Mediterranean region and will thrive in more temperate gardens.