Alphabetical Plant Listing

Erythronium (Dog Tooth Violets)

Dog Tooth Violet, Trout Lily, Adder's Tongue, Fawn Lily (Erythronium)


A member of the Lily family, Erythronium (Dog Tooth Violet) are charming bulbous perennials grown for their nodding, lily-shaped flowers adorned with gracefully reflexed petals in spring. Equally attractive is their foliage of elliptic leaves, often copiously marbled with purple-bronze. Easy to grow, they are lovely in groups under deciduous trees, in rock gardens or near ponds and streams where they will happily multiply.

  • Erythronium include over 20 species, most from Western North America but there are also a few in eastern North America and Eurasia.
  • They grow up to 4-12 in. tall (10-30 cm).
  • They flower best in partial shade in moist, well-drained soil. They need moist soil, even when dormant - do not let the soil dry out!
  • They are great naturalizers and gleefully multiply to quickly form pretty colonies without becoming invasive.
  • Easy to grow, durable and long-lived, they are trouble-free, and deer and rabbits seldom eat them.
  • Perfect for the mid to late spring garden, they are beautiful garden plants and deserve a spot in borders, open woodlands, rockeries or near ponds and streams.
  • To be planted in fall. Propagate by division after flowering.

Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Splendid Erythronium

A member of the Lily family, Erythronium (Dog Tooth Violet) are charming bulbous perennials grown for their nodding, lily-shaped flowers adorned with gracefully reflexed petals in spring. Easy to grow, they are lovely in groups under deciduous trees where they will happily multiply. However, some basic rules need to be followed to enjoy their splendid flowers.
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Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Erythronium - Dog Tooth Violets
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Erythronium - Dog Tooth Violets
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
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