Aeonium canariense is an impressive evergreen succulent with large velvety rosettes, 6-12 in. across (15-30 cm), of fleshy leaves. Fresh green when grown in part shade, the soft, fuzzy leaves become tinged with reddish pink when exposed to the sun. Attractive when not blooming, this Aeonium is particularly striking when it produces bright golden racemes of small, star-shaped flowers in summer. Similarly to Sempervivum (Hen & Chicks), this Aeonium offsets freely.
- Grows into a shrub-like plant, up to 2-3 ft. tall and wide in areas where this plant is hardy enough to overwinter. If grown in containers, it will grow as large as the container allows.
- Easily grown in sandy, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in sun or partial shade. Tolerates poor soils. While drought tolerant, Aeoniums require more regular watering than other succulents since they have a relatively small, shallow root system. Cut back on irrigation in summer.
- Unlike many succulent plants, Aeoniums are winter growers and summer-dormant. Their new growth occurs at the center of the rosette. As the rosette ages, the older, outer leaves fall off, exposing the stem supporting the rosette. If you do not like the look of the denuded stem, simply snap off the rosette below its lowest leaves, with 1-2 in. of stem (2-5 cm), and replant it as cuttings. You may discard the denuded stem.
- Aeoniums are monocarpic: they flower once and die thereafter. However, it may take several years before this happens and not all rosettes bloom at the same time.
- Excellent for rock gardens, succulent gardens or Mediterranean gardens. Perfect for containers where spectacular floral arrangements can be created.
- Deer resistant and salt tolerant
- Virtually pest and disease free. Watch for aphids and mealybugs
- Propagate by seed sown at 66-75ºF (19-24ºC) in spring or by cuttings of rosettes kept at 64ºF (18ºC) and barely moist until rooted
- Mostly native to the Canary Islands off the west coast of North Africa, Aeonium is a genus of about 35 species of succulent, subtropical plants that belong to the Crassulaceae family. They are available in a wide range of shapes, sizes and colors. Their foliage colors vary with the sun exposure, the seasons and the climate.