Regions / Mid-Atlantic
Selecting plants suited to the Mid-Atlantic climate will be a key step to success.
Various initiatives have taken place to determine how well plants would withstand the cold winter temperatures (Plant Hardiness Zones) or when plants would start suffering from the heat (Plant Heat Zones).
The Mid-Atlantic region lies in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 5 through 7 and in AHS Heat Zones 3 through 6. Stretching over a long expanse of territory, the Mid-Atlantic states are home to a wide range of weather and climate. However, generally speaking, this region enjoys 4 distinct seasons characterized by mild springs, hot and humid summers along the coast, but cooler in the mountains, mild falls, and chilly winters with some snow.
Abies concolor 'Archer’s Dwarf' is a dwarf evergreen conifer of regular, conical habit adorned with slightly ascending branches clothed in soft, silvery-blue, slightly incurved needles. Slow-growing, 3-4 in. per year (7-10 cm), this White Fir is a great choice for small gardens, containers or rockeries.
Regarded as the bluest of all conifers, Abies concolor 'Candicans' is a magnificent large evergreen conifer. Forming a dense pyramid when young, it matures to a columnar, highly symmetrical shape with handsome layered branches smothered by long, silvery-blue needles.
A deservedly popular White Fir, Abies concolor 'Compacta' is a slow-growing dwarf evergreen conifer of great beauty. It forms a dense, compact mound of irregular, spreading shape, unless it is sheared to a conical form. Its branches are beautifully clothed with long and slender, powder-blue needles
Abies concolor 'Hosta la Vista' is a dwarf evergreen conifer of globose habit, beautifully clothed with long, thick, slightly recurved, blue-green needles adorned with a glaucous, powdery coating. Slow-growing, 1-2 in. per year (2-5 cm), this small White Fir brightens up the garden and makes a lovely addition to small gardens, rockeries or containers.
Noted for its exfoliating bark and showy fall color, award-winning Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple) is a small spreading deciduous tree that is highly desirable. The chestnut-brown bark of both its trunk and branches constantly peels into thin, tight curls, revealing brighter cinnamon-red wood beneath.
Incredibly popular, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium' (Full Moon Maple) is a large bushy deciduous shrub or small tree with attractive foliage and stunning fall color. Emerging bright green in spring, the palmate, almost fern-like leaves are deeply cut into 7-11 lobes. One of the most desirable features of this cultivar is its intense fall coloration, when the leaves develop brilliant scarlet and carmine tones tinged with purple. Since they persist a long time on the plant, they provide a long-lasting fall display.
Noted for its unique habit, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Green Cascade' (Full Moon Maple) is a small mounded tree of graceful, weeping or pendulous habit. Emerging rich emerald green in spring, the palmate, finely-dissected, lacylike leaves are deeply cut into 9-11 lobes. In the fall, the foliage turns brilliant shades of yellow, orange and crimson. An exceptional landscape specimen tree.
Noted for its leaves resembling those of grapes, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Vitifolium' (Full Moon Maple) is a large bushy deciduous shrub or small tree of upright habit, becoming broad and rounded with age. Emerging bronze in spring, the large, rounded, palmate leaves mature to deep green as the season progresses. In fall, they turn magnificent shades of gold, crimson and vivid scarlet before dropping, making this small, dense maple really stand out in the landscape.
Similar but much smaller than the highly popular 'Sango kaku', Acer palmatum 'Aka Kawa Hime' is also a very desirable Japanese Maple. This deciduous shrub or small tree features a delicate foliage of 5 lobed leaves which emerge fresh yellow-green in spring, mature to mid green in summer and warm up to attractive shades of gold, yellow and red in fall before they shed to the ground.
Noted for its remarkable bark, Acer palmatum 'Arakawa' is a vigorous deciduous tree of upright habit, adorned with a delicate foliage of palmate leaves, each adorned with 5-7 slender tipped lobes. Emerging fresh green in spring, the foliage retains its color throughout the summer before gradually changing to brilliant golden-yellow in the fall. On mature specimens (3-5 year old), the bark gets rough and corky, with creases, cracks and fissures, providing year round ornamental interest. A very interesting Japanese maple that is perfect for bonsai use and for the landscape.
Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum' is a small deciduous tree of bushy habit with rich purple leaves in the spring, becoming deeper in summer. The delicate foliage holds its color throughout summer and turns brilliant scarlet in the fall. Each leaf is divided into 5-7 lobes, moderately deeply divided lobes. Vigorous, this upright maple tree stands out in the landscape and is suitable as a focal point or as the perfect foil for a mass of green in the landscape.
Similar to the highly popular 'Sango kaku', Acer palmatum 'Beni-Kawa' is noted for its glowing salmon-red bark and vibrant fall color. This deciduous shrub or small tree features a delicate foliage of 5-7 slender tipped lobed leaves which emerge rich green in spring, sometimes lightly edged with red tints.
Noted for its remarkable leaf color, award-winning Acer palmatum 'Beni-Tsukasa' is a small deciduous shrub with a changing foliage, season after season. Emerging bright peachy-yellow in spring, the delicate foliage of palmate, 5-7 slender tipped lobed leaves gradually changes to pink and red with some greenish undertones.