Regions / France

 

France, French gardening, French garden, French Climate, French Region

France

Be aware of the hardiness zone of your area before you decide to buy plants. Some plants might not survive over winter!

France lies in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 6 through 10 with some variations across regions and seasons. However, generally speaking, France enjoys 4 distinct seasons characterized by cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean.

If you know your hardiness zone, find the best plants or exciting garden ideas for your geographic area.




Aconitum napellus (Monkshood)

Native to Western and Central Europe, Aconitum napellus brings showy, densely packed spikes of deep purplish-blue flowers and attractive foliage in the shade garden.

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Acorus calamus 'Variegatus' (Variegated Sweet Flag)

Ideal for wet areas, Acorus calamus 'Variegatus' (Variegated Sweet Flag) is an attractive herbaceous perennial forming a tuft of gracefully arching, narrow, sword-shaped leaves adorned with creamy-white and green stripes. Often displaying a nice pink tinge in cold weather, the foliage is sweetly fragrant when bruised.

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Acorus gramineus 'Ogon' (Golden Variegated Sweet Flag)

Ideal for wet areas, Acorus gramineus 'Ogon' (Golden Variegated Sweet Flag) is a semi-evergreen herbaceous perennial forming an attractive tuft of gracefully arching, narrow, sword-shaped, golden-yellow leaves adorned with olive green stripes. The foliage is sweetly fragrant when bruised and evergreen in mild winter areas.

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Actaea pachypoda (White Baneberry)

Perfect for shade gardens, Actaea pachypoda (White Baneberry) is an herbaceous perennial forming clumps of finely divided, bright green foliage, enhanced by dense, globular clusters of small fluffy white flowers in late spring and early summer.

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Actaea racemosa (Black Cohosh)

Striking all summer long, award-winning Actaea racemosa (Black Cohosh) is a beautiful perennial with deep green, finely divided foliage, enhanced by gracefully arching wands of fragrant white flowers in late summer and fall. The blooms are packed in fluffy spikes, up to 2 ft. long (60 cm), which rise well above the foliage, and mature into attractive seed pods.

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Actaea simplex 'Pink Spike' (Baneberry)

Striking all summer long, Actaea simplex 'Pink Spike' (Baneberry) is a beautiful perennial with chocolate-purple, finely divided foliage, enhanced by gracefully arching wands of fragrant pink flowers in late summer and fall. Raspberry-pink in bud, opening to pale pink, the heavily scented flowers are packed in fluffy spikes along black waving stems.

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Actaea simplex (Atropurpurea Group) 'Black Negligee' (Baneberry)

Rich of an exotic perfume of grape and jasmine, Actaea simplex 'Black Negligee' (Baneberry) is a herbaceous perennial prized for its finely-divided, near-black leaves and eye-catching flower spikes. Standing out in late summer to early fall, attractive, dark stemmed fluffy spires, packed with deliciously fragrant creamy-white flowers adorned with a purple tinge, gracefully bob and sway in the breeze.

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Actaea simplex (Atropurpurea Group) 'Brunette' (Baneberry)

Striking all summer long, award-winning Actaea simplex 'Brunette' (Baneberry) is a beautiful perennial with purple black, finely divided foliage, enhanced by gracefully arching wands of fragrant white flowers in late summer and fall. Purple-pink in bud, opening to white, the heavily scented flowers are packed in fluffy spikes along black waving stems. 'Brunette' provides interest for months.

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Actaea simplex (Atropurpurea Group) 'Hillside Black Beauty' (Baneberry)

Striking all summer long, award-winning Actaea simplex 'Hillside Black Beauty' (Baneberry) is a beautiful perennial with dark reddish-purple, finely divided foliage, enhanced by gracefully arching wands of scented, pale pink flowers in late summer and fall. Their strong fragrance is reminiscent of summer phlox and ripe purple grapes.

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Actaea simplex (Atropurpurea Group) 'James Compton' (Baneberry)

Opening from pink buds in late summer to early fall, attractive, purple stemmed fluffy spires, packed with deliciously fragrant white flowers with a pink tinge, gracefully bob and sway in the breeze

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Actaea simplex (Atropurpurea Group) 'Mountain Wave' (Baneberry)

Actaea simplex 'Mountain Wave' (Baneberry) is a herbaceous perennial prized for its finely-divided, bronze leaves and eye-catching flower spikes. Standing out in late summer to early fall, attractive, dark stemmed fluffy spires, packed with deliciously fragrant creamy-white flowers adorned with a purple tinge, gracefully bob and sway in the breeze.

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Actaea simplex (Bugbane)

Fabulous at adding architectural height and late summer blooms to a shaded border, Actaea Simplex (Bugbane), formerly known as Cimicifuga Simplex, is very eye-catching with its long, fluffy spires packed with strongly fragrant, tiny starry creamy-white flowers.

Actinidia arguta 'Issai' (Hardy Kiwi Vine)

Grown for its attractive foliage and edible fruit, Actinidia arguta 'Issai' (Hardy Kiwi Vine) is a compact, deciduous climber that produces grape-sized, smooth-skinned, green fruits in late summer to early fall. While they are smaller than grocery store varieties, they are slightly sweeter and enjoy an excellent flavor.

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Actinidia deliciosa (Kiwifruit )

Actinidia deliciosa (Kiwifruit) is a vigorous, deciduous, woody-stemmed, twining climber with broadly ovate, heart-shaped, lustrous mid-green leaves, 5-8 in. long (12-20 cm). Slightly fragrant clusters of cup-shaped, creamy-white flowers are borne in late spring.

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Actinidia kolomikta (Variegated Kiwi Vine)

Prized for its flamboyant foliage, Actinidia kolomikta (Variegated Kiwi Vine) is a large vigorous deciduous climber producing a striking foliage mass of heart-shaped leaves, 3-5 in. long (7-12 cm), some in solid green, others white-splashed green and others heavily variegated with pink.

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Actinidia polygama (Silver Vine)

Creating a sparkling effect, Actinidia polygama (Silver Vine) is a vigorous, scrambling/twining, deciduous climber producing a striking foliage mass of heart-shaped, dark green leaves, 3-5 in. long (7-12 cm), adorned with silvery-white tips - as if each leaf has been dipped in paint.

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Adiantum aleuticum (Maidenhair Fern)

Incredibly attractive, Adiantum aleuticum (Maidenhair Fern) is a deciduous or semi-evergreen, perennial fern with graceful, bright green fronds which open like the fingers of a hand atop upright, shiny, purple-black wiry stems. Each finger is further divided into a series of triangular segments (pinnules).

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Adiantum raddianum (Delta Maidenhair)

Elegant and fast growing, Adiantum raddianum (Delta Maidenhair) is a tufted evergreen fern with smooth, purplish-black stalks bearing triangular, 3-pinnate, lacy fronds composed of rounded, fan-shaped segments. Emerging light green, they darken with age and can reach 18 in. in length (45 cm). Popular as houseplant, it is long lived if it receives sufficient humidity and is not exposed to drafts.

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Adiantum venustum (Himalayan Maidenhair)

Incredibly attractive, Adiantum venustum (Himalayan Maidenhair) is a deciduous fern, almost evergreen in mild areas, with broadly triangular fronds composed of many small fan-shaped segments. Emerging in late winter to early spring, the new fronds display a charming salmon flush before maturing to fresh spring green.

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Aeonium 'Sunburst'

Among the loveliest of Aeoniums, award-winning 'Sunburst' is an evergreen succulent with large variegated rosettes, 6-8 in. across (15-20 cm), of fleshy, spoon-shaped leaves. Held on long bare stems, the leaves are a delightful combination of creamy yellow and green stripes and are adorned with coppery red tips when exposed to the sun.

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Aeonium 'Zwartkop'

A truly captivating Aeonium, award-winning 'Zwartkop' is an evergreen succulent with large rosettes, 6-8 in. across (15-20 cm), of glossy, fleshy, dark burgundy, pointed leaves. If grown in full sun, the foliage of this Aeonium turns almost black, adding incredible drama and interest to the garden or containers.

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Aeonium canariense (Canary Island Aeonium)

Aeonium canariense is an impressive evergreen succulent with large velvety rosettes, 6-12 in. across (15-30 cm), of fleshy leaves. Fresh green when grown in part shade, the soft, fuzzy leaves become tinged with reddish pink when exposed to the sun.

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Aeonium haworthii 'Kiwi'

A very pretty Aeonium, award-winning 'Kiwi' is an evergreen succulent with small variegated rosettes, 3-5 in. across (7-12 cm), of fleshy, spoon-shaped leaves. Creamy-yellow in their center, the pointed leaves gradually change to soft green towards their edges, which are elegantly adorned with a rose-red ribbon when adequately exposed to the sun.

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Aeoniums

Mostly native to the Canary Islands off the west coast of North Africa, Aeoniums are fascinating evergreen succulents with irresistible rosettes of fleshy, pinwheel leaves. Attractive when not blooming, they are particularly striking with their bright racemes of small, star-shaped flowers.