Regions / New England

 

New England, New England Gardening, New England garden, New England Climate, New England Region

New England

Selecting plants suited to the New England climate is a key step to success.

Various initiatives have taken place to determine how well plants would withstand the cold winter temperatures (Plant Hardiness Zones) or when plants would start suffering from the heat (Plant Heat Zones).

The New England region lies in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 3 through 7 and in AHS Heat Zones 1 through 3. Weather varies dramatically from state to state and season to season. However, generally speaking, this region enjoys 4 distinct seasons characterized by short springs, hot and humid summers, along the coasts but cool in the mountains, cool falls, and long and harsh winters with heavy snow and sometimes ice storms.

If you know your hardiness zone and heat zone, find the best plants or exciting garden ideas for your geographic area.




Abies lasiocarpa 'Green Globe' (Alpine Fir)

Abies lasiocarpa ‘Green Globe’ is a semi-dwarf, evergreen conifer of globose habit when young, becoming conical over time, and clothed in a lush foliage of short, soft, green needles. Slow-growing, 3-6 in. per year (7-15 cm), this Alpine Fir is a great choice for foundation plantings or rockeries.

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Abies nordmanniana 'Golden Spreader' (Caucasian Fir)

Stately and elegant, Abies nordmaniana 'Golden Spreader' is a slow-growing evergreen conifer of great beauty, particularly in the winter garden. While this dwarf Nordman fir sports a soft green color in summer and fall, its needles turn bright golden-yellow in winter.

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Abies procera 'Blaue Hexe' (Blue Noble Fir)

Abies procera 'Blaue Hexe' (Blue Noble Fir) is a desirable, dwarf, evergreen conifer forming a flattened globe adorned with short, bright powdery blue needles. Slow-growing, 1.2 in. per year (2-5 cm), this attractive Blue Noble Fir is a great choice for small gardens, containers or rockeries.

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Abies procera 'Glauca' (Blue Noble Fir)

Stately, Abies procera 'Glauca' (Blue Noble Fir) is a large sized conical conifer with short, bright blue-gray needles on both the top and underneath. In fall, eye-catching, large blue cones, up to 9 in. long (25 cm), appear upright on the branches before turning reddish brown over time.

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Acanthus 'Whitewater' (Bear's Breech)

Luminous and vigorous, Acanthus 'Whitewater' (Bear's Breech) is a clump-forming perennial boasting a gorgeous variegated foliage of large, deeply cut, dark-green leaves adorned with creamy-white margins and splashes. In summer, the foliage mound is topped by erect flower stems bearing pink and cream, funnel-shaped flowers with hood-like purple bracts.

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Acanthus hungaricus (Bear's Breech)

Stately and dramatic, Acanthus hungaricus (Bear's Breech) is an upright, clump-forming perennial boasting strikingly elegant spikes of hooded, pink-flushed to white flowers adorned with spiny, red-purple bracts. Blooming from early to mid-summer, they rise well above a superb foliage mound of long, shiny, deeply-cut, basal olive-green leaves, which usually remains attractive throughout the growing season.

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Acanthus mollis 'Morning's Candle' (Bear's Breech)

Very floriferous, Acanthus mollis 'Morning Candle' (Bear's Breech) is a semi-evergreen, clump-forming perennial boasting strikingly elegant spikes of hooded, pure white flowers adorned with prickly purple bracts. Blooming from mid to late summer, they rise well above a superb foliage mound of large, shiny, deeply-cut, dark green leaves.

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Acanthus mollis 'Rue Ledan' (Bear's Breech)

Luminous and floriferous, Acanthus mollis 'Rue Ledan' (Bear's Breech) is a clump-forming perennial boasting strikingly elegant spikes of hooded, pure white flowers adorned with green bracts. Blooming from early summer to early fall, they rise well above a superb foliage mound of large, shiny, deeply-cut, dark green leaves.

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Acanthus mollis (Bear's Breech)

Stately and vigorous, Acanthus mollis (Bear's Breech) is a semi-evergreen clump-forming perennial boasting strikingly elegant spikes of hooded, creamy-white flowers adorned with dusky purple bracts. Blooming from early to mid-summer, they rise well above a superb foliage mound of large, shiny, deeply-cut, dark green leaves.

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Acanthus spinosus (Armed Bear's Breech)

Statuesque and rewarding, Acanthus spinosus (Armed Bear's Breech) is an upright, clump-forming perennial boasting a profusion of strikingly elegant spikes of hooded, pure white flowers adorned with spiny, red-purple bracts. Blooming from early to late summer, they rise well above a superb foliage mound of large, shiny, deeply-cut, spine-tipped, dark green leaves

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Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple)

Noted for its exfoliating bark and showy fall color, award-winning Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple) is a small spreading deciduous tree that is highly desirable. The chestnut-brown bark of both its trunk and branches constantly peels into thin, tight curls, revealing brighter cinnamon-red wood beneath.

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Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium' (Full Moon Maple)

Incredibly popular, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium' (Full Moon Maple) is a large bushy deciduous shrub or small tree with attractive foliage and stunning fall color. Emerging bright green in spring, the palmate, almost fern-like leaves are deeply cut into 7-11 lobes. One of the most desirable features of this cultivar is its intense fall coloration, when the leaves develop brilliant scarlet and carmine tones tinged with purple. Since they persist a long time on the plant, they provide a long-lasting fall display.

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Acer japonicum 'Green Cascade' (Full Moon Maple)

Noted for its unique habit, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Green Cascade' (Full Moon Maple) is a small mounded tree of graceful, weeping or pendulous habit. Emerging rich emerald green in spring, the palmate, finely-dissected, lacylike leaves are deeply cut into 9-11 lobes. In the fall, the foliage turns brilliant shades of yellow, orange and crimson. An exceptional landscape specimen tree.

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Acer japonicum 'Vitifolium' (Full Moon Maple)

Noted for its leaves resembling those of grapes, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Vitifolium' (Full Moon Maple) is a large bushy deciduous shrub or small tree of upright habit, becoming broad and rounded with age. Emerging bronze in spring, the large, rounded, palmate leaves mature to deep green as the season progresses. In fall, they turn magnificent shades of gold, crimson and vivid scarlet before dropping, making this small, dense maple really stand out in the landscape.

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Acer palmatum 'Aka Kawa Hime' (Coral Bark Maple)

Similar but much smaller than the highly popular 'Sango kaku', Acer palmatum 'Aka Kawa Hime' is also a very desirable Japanese Maple. This deciduous shrub or small tree features a delicate foliage of 5 lobed leaves which emerge fresh yellow-green in spring, mature to mid green in summer and warm up to attractive shades of gold, yellow and red in fall before they shed to the ground.

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Acer palmatum 'Arakawa' (Japanese Maple)

Noted for its remarkable bark, Acer palmatum 'Arakawa' is a vigorous deciduous tree of upright habit, adorned with a delicate foliage of palmate leaves, each adorned with 5-7 slender tipped lobes. Emerging fresh green in spring, the foliage retains its color throughout the summer before gradually changing to brilliant golden-yellow in the fall. On mature specimens (3-5 year old), the bark gets rough and corky, with creases, cracks and fissures, providing year round ornamental interest. A very interesting Japanese maple that is perfect for bonsai use and for the landscape.

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Acer palmatum 'Atrolineare' (Ribbon-Leaf Japanese Maple)

Noted for its graceful foliage, Acer palmatum 'Atrolineare' (Ribbon-Leaf Japanese Maple) is a remarkable small tree of dense, upright habit. In spring, its delicate foliage of ribbon-like leaves emerges dark red, before bronzing out with green undertones as the season progresses. In the fall, the finely-textured foliage warms up to dazzling red and orange shades and stands out beautifully in the landscape. Compact, this elegant Japanese Maple is perfect as a specimen in the garden, containers or bonsai.

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Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum' (Japanese Maple)

Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum' is a small deciduous tree of bushy habit with rich purple leaves in the spring, becoming deeper in summer. The delicate foliage holds its color throughout summer and turns brilliant scarlet in the fall. Each leaf is divided into 5-7 lobes, moderately deeply divided lobes. Vigorous, this upright maple tree stands out in the landscape and is suitable as a focal point or as the perfect foil for a mass of green in the landscape.

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Acer palmatum 'Beni-Kawa' (Coral Bark Maple)

Similar to the highly popular 'Sango kaku', Acer palmatum 'Beni-Kawa' is noted for its glowing salmon-red bark and vibrant fall color. This deciduous shrub or small tree features a delicate foliage of 5-7 slender tipped lobed leaves which emerge rich green in spring, sometimes lightly edged with red tints.

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Acer palmatum 'Beni-Maiko' (Japanese Maple)

Award-winning Acer palmatum 'Beni Maiko' is a compact deciduous shrub with a striking foliage. Emerging brilliant red in spring, the three or five pointed, lobed leaves fade to pinkish-red with green undertones in summer.

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Acer palmatum 'Beni-Tsukasa' (Japanese Maple)

Noted for its remarkable leaf color, award-winning Acer palmatum 'Beni-Tsukasa' is a small deciduous shrub with a changing foliage, season after season. Emerging bright peachy-yellow in spring, the delicate foliage of palmate, 5-7 slender tipped lobed leaves gradually changes to pink and red with some greenish undertones.

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Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' (Japanese Maple)

Regarded as one of the best purple-leaved Japanese Maples, award-winning Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' is a large deciduous shrub or small rounded tree of great beauty in all seasons.

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Acer palmatum 'Butterfly' (Japanese Maple)

Acer palmatum 'Butterfly' is an upright deciduous shrub or small tree with a pretty variegated foliage of 5-7 lobed green leaves, irregularly margined with silvery-white and light touches of pink on the edges in spring. Some leaves may have no markings while others may be solid cream. Sometimes gracefully twisted, the pale portion of the leaves turns scarlet to magenta in the fall

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Acer palmatum 'Chitose-Yama' (Japanese Maple)

Award-winning Acer palmatum 'Chitose-Yama' is a medium-sized deciduous shrub with a striking foliage. Emerging rich purple red in spring, the seven pointed, lobed leaves mature to bronze green in summer. In the fall, the leaves turn bright crimson before shedding to the ground.

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