Alphabetical Plant Listing

Plant Families / Aesculus


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Aesculus

Big and bold, Aesculus (Horsechesnut, Buckeye) are deciduous trees or large shrubs with showy flowers borne in long, dense clusters at their branch tips, palmately-lobed leaves divided like fans into toothed leaflets. Sometime providing great fall color, Horse Chesnuts and Buckeyes produce leathery fruit capsules which enclose glossy seeds. The fruits are not edible (ingestion may cause severe discomfort) and should not be confused with the edible chestnut of the Castanea species. Frequently planted as ornamental trees.

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Aesculus californica (California Buckeye)

Aesculus californica (California Buckeye) is a deciduous large shrub or small tree with an open somewhat flattened canopy that holds attractive palmately compound leaves with 5 to 7 leaflets. Emerging pale apple green, the leaves mature to lustrous dark green leaves.

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Aesculus flava (Yellow Buckeye)

Award-winning Aesculus flava (Yellow Buckeye) is a large deciduous tree of upright-oval to oval-rounded habit with immense secondary branches clothed in palmate compound leaves divided into 5-7 dark green leaflets. In mid to late spring, greenish yellow flowers are borne in erect panicles, 6 in. long (15), but are often almost lost among the leaves.

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Aesculus glabra (Ohio Buckeye)

Aesculus glabra (Ohio Buckeye) is a small to medium sized deciduous tree of rounded habit with a dense canopy of dark green leaves adorned with 5-7 leaflets. Its low, sweeping branches bend toward the ground then arch back up, creating a rounded outline.

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Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut)

Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut) is a large deciduous tree with an upright-oval to rounded canopy of large, dark green leaves, 4-10 in. long (10-25 cm), adorned with 5-7 leaflets. In late spring, showy creamy-white flowers with red or yellow markings are borne in 5-12 in. erect panicles (12-30 cm).

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Aesculus parviflora (Bottlebrush Buckeye)

One of the best summer-flowering shrubs for shade areas, multiple award-winner Aesculus parviflora (Bottlebrush Buckeye) is prized for its spectacular blooms of erect white flower panicles with red anthers and pinkish filaments.

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Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye)

Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree of rounded habit with a dense canopy of brilliant dark green leaves, each divided into 5 narrow leaflets. In mid to late spring, erect panicles, 6 in. long (15 cm), of rich red flowers appear above the foliage for a cheerful display.

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Aesculus x carnea 'Briotii' (Red Horsechestnut)

Noted for its outstanding floral display, Aesculus x carnea 'Briotii' (Red Horsechestnut) is a medium-sized deciduous tree of rounded to broad-rounded habit with a dense canopy of lustrous dark green leaves adorned with 5-7 leaflets. In late spring, erect cone-shaped panicles, 10 in. long (25 cm), of dark red flowers cover the tree for a spectacular display.

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Aesculus x carnea (Red Horsechestnut)

Noted for its outstanding floral display, Aesculus x carnea (Red Horsechestnut) is a medium-sized deciduous tree of rounded to broad-rounded habit with a dense canopy of lustrous dark green leaves adorned with 5-7 leaflets. In late spring, erect cone-shaped panicles, 8 in. long (20 cm), of bright rose-red flowers cover the tree for a spectacular display.

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Aesculus x neglecta 'Erythroblastos' (Painted Buckeye)

Noted for its spectacular spring foliage, award-winning Aesculus x neglecta 'Erythroblastos' (Painted Buckeye) is a small deciduous tree of rounded habit with a dense canopy of leaves adorned with 5 leaflets. Emerging warm creamy-pink, sometimes with a tinge of orange, in spring, the leaves turn creamy-green, and eventually dark green as the season progresses.

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