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Plant Families / Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees

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Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees

Noted for their distinctive silhouettes, Araucaria are evergreen coniferous trees from the Southern Hemisphere, with evenly spread tiers of stiff, whorled branches. Most bear closely overlapping, spirally arranged leaves that may be needle-like, triangular or scale-like. It is believed that the long necks of sauropod dinosaurs may have evolved specifically to browse the foliage of the typically very tall Araucaria trees. Impressive focal points in the landscape, they are not trees to sit under - as they bear enormous cones, up to 10 pounds (5 kg)! They thrive in containers for several years.

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Araucaria angustifolia (Brazilian Pine Tree)

Araucaria angustifolia (Brazilian Pine Tree) is an evergreen conifer of narrow, pyramidal habit in youth, becoming flat-topped with age. The branches are horizontal with branchlets arranged in whorls of 4–8.

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Araucaria araucana (Monkey Puzzle)

A bold statement in the landscape, Araucaria araucana (Monkey Puzzle) is an architectural evergreen conifer with whorled branches clothed in short, pointed, lustrous dark green leaves, spirally arranged around the branches. Leathery and overlapping, the leaves persist for many years.

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Araucaria columnaris (New Caledonian Pine)

Araucaria columnaris (New Caledonian Pine) is a narrow columnar evergreen conifer with short, mostly horizontal branches that grow in whorls around the slender, upright to slightly leaning trunk.

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Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine)

Elegant, Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine) is a pyramidal evergreen conifer of symmetrical habit with regular tiers of whorled, horizontal branches radiating outward from the strong, upright trunk.

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