Alphabetical Plant Listing

Plant Families / Arbutus


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Arbutus

Arbutus are evergreen trees and shrubs noted for their ornamental bark, small bell-shaped flowers, decorative and edible fruit that resemble strawberries in size and color. Equally beautiful is their glossy dark green foliage that looks fresh throughout the year. Arbutus are fairly compact trees so they are great for smaller gardens and courtyards. They will grow anywhere as long as the soil is well-drained and not too wet in summer. Once established, they are indestructible.

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Arbutus andrachne (Greek Strawberry Tree)

Arbutus andrachne (Greek Strawberry Tree) is a spreading evergreen shrub or small tree with striking cinnamon-brown bark, peeling and flaking to reveal the attractive inner bark. The leaves are lustrous dark green, 2-6 in. long (5-15 cm). In late spring, clusters of urn-shaped, white flowers can be admired at the tip of the branches.

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Arbutus menziesii (Madrone)

Exquisite, Arbutus menziesii (Madrone) is a spreading evergreen tree with an elegant, wide-branching habit and leathery, lustrous dark green leaves, 6 in. long (15 cm). In spring, a profusion of drooping clusters of urn-shaped, white flowers hang at the tip of the branches. Rich in nectar, they attract hummingbirds, bees, and other pollinators. They are followed by small, brilliant red-orange fruit that ripen in the fall

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Arbutus unedo (Strawberry Tree)

Noted for its remarkable flowers, fruit, leaves, and bark, Arbutus unedo (Strawberry Tree) is a charming, broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree with four-season ornamental interest. From fall to midwinter, a profusion of drooping clusters of fragrant, bell-shaped, white flowers hang at the tip of the branches. Pollinated by bees, the round, 1 in. fruits (2.5 cm) appear in winter and gradually ripen to yellow to red in twelve months. They are often in color when the new attractive flowers begin to bloom in fall.

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