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Plant Families / Arctostaphylos - Manzanitas


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Arctostaphylos - Manzanitas

Arctostaphylos is a genus of 60 species, ranging from ground-hugging arctic, coastal, and mountain species to small trees. Most are evergreen, with small oval leaves arranged spirally on the stems. They produce a profusion of tiny, urn-shaped flowers, white or pale pink in the spring. Borne in small clusters at the branch tips, they persist for weeks. They are followed by small berries, ripening in the summer or autumn. The berries of some species are edible. The bark is the most spectacular feature of a manzanita. Bold and strong, no other shrub can compete with the beauty of a manzanita’s trunk and bark.

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Arctostaphylos glauca (Big Berry Manzanita)

Arctostaphylos glauca (Big Berry Manzanita) is a large shrub or small tree adorned with striking dark reddish-brown bark and sinuous branches clothed with blue-green, oval to rounded, evergreen leaves, 2 in. long (5 cm). Pretty clusters of lantern-shaped, white-to-pink flowers hang gracefully from short red stems in late winter to early spring.

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Arctostaphylos manzanita (Common Manzanita)

Arctostaphylos manzanita (Common Manzanita) is a dramatic evergreen shrub of erect and spreading habit, adorned with striking, smooth, mahogany colored bark. Its long, crooked and twisted branches are clothed with bright shiny green, wedge-shaped, pointed leaves.

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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Massachusetts' (Bearberry)

Extremely winter hardy, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Massachusetts' (Bearberry) is a slow-growing, creeping, evergreen shrub with trailing red stems studded with small, leathery, glossy, obovate, dark green leaves. The foliage turns red or purplish in winter before becoming green again in spring. Pretty clusters of lantern-shaped, white-to-pink flowers hang gracefully from the short red stems in mid to late spring.

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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Vancouver Jade' (Bearberry)

Extremely winter hardy, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Vancouver Jade' (Bearberry) is a slow-growing, creeping, evergreen shrub with trailing red stems studded with small, leathery, glossy, obovate, dark green leaves, up to 1 in. long (2.5 cm). The foliage turns red or purplish in winter before becoming green again in spring. Pretty clusters of lantern-shaped, white-to-pink flowers hang gracefully from the short red stems in mid to late spring.

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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry)

Extremely winter hardy, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry) is a slow-growing, creeping, evergreen shrub with trailing red stems studded with small, leathery, shiny, obovate, dark green leaves, up to 1 in. long (2.5 cm). The foliage turns red or purplish in winter before becoming green again in spring. Pretty clusters of lantern-shaped, white-to-pink flowers hang gracefully from the short red stems in mid to late spring.

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