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Plant Families / Crataegus - Hawthorns


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Crataegus - Hawthorns

Crataegus (Hawthorns) are small, oval to round-headed, deciduous trees and shrubs, usually with spiny branches, dark green leaves, clusters of creamy-white flowers, and bright red fruit. Their bark is often mottled, exfoliating, in gray, green, orange, and brown. Some species turn glorious shades of scarlet, orange and purple in the fall. They are an important food source for wildlife, particularly birds.

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Crataegus crus-galli (Cockspur Hawthorn)

Crataegus crus-galli (Cockspur Hawthorn) forms a dense, low-branched, broad-rounded, deciduous tree adorned with horizontal, wide-spreading branches armed with 1-3 in. long thorns (2-7 cm). They are clothed with lustrous, smooth-textured, tooth-edged, dark green leaves.

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Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet' (English Hawthorn)

Award-winning Crataegus laevigata 'Paul Scarlet' (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), and clad with glossy, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves.

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Crataegus laevigata 'Punicea' (English Hawthorn)

Award-winning Crataegus laevigata 'Punicea' or 'Crimson Cloud' (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), and clad with glossy, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves.

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Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea Flore Pleno' (English Hawthorn)

Award-winning Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea Flore Pleno' (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), and clad with small, glossy, mid-green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves.

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Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn)

Noted for its profuse spring blossoms, Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), and clad with glossy, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves.

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Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn)

Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn) is a small, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown and slightly pendulous branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), and clad with 3-7 lobed, deeply incised, glossy green leaves.

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Crataegus persimilis 'Prunifolia' (Cockspur Hawthorn)

Hard to beat for fall color, award-winning Crataegus persimilis 'Prunifolia' (Cockspur Hawthorn) is a small, broad-crowned, deciduous tree with four seasons of interest. In late spring, it is generously covered in dense clusters of strongly fragrant, white flowers and provides a spectacular floral display.

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Crataegus phaenopyrum (Washington Hawthorn)

Crataegus phaenopyrum (Washington Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree of graceful habit with a dense, broadly oval to rounded crown. In late spring to early summer, it is generously covered in dense clusters of creamy-white flowers and provides a spectacular floral display.

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Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' (Green Hawthorn)

Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' (Green Hawthorn) is a dense, rounded, deciduous tree with a broad spreading crown and silvery-green branches clad with lustrous, serrate, ovate to elliptic, dark green leaves.

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