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Dryopteris - Ferns

Dryopteris are elegant, deciduous, semi-evergreen or evergreen ferns noted for their shuttlecock of arching fronds originating from erect or branching rhizomes. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, from dwarfs for rock gardens to dramatic and architectural plants that are the sentinels of the garden. Like most garden ferns, Dryopteris plants thrive in light shade in evenly moist soils. Once established, they are low maintenance and drought tolerant.

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Dryopteris affinis (Golden Male Fern)

Award-winning Dryopteris affinis (Golden Male Fern) is a robust semi-evergreen fern forming a rosette of finely cut, arching fronds from an erect, stout rhizome. Arising in shuttlecock-like clusters, the fronds are bright chartreuse-green when they unfurl in spring, in contrast to the scaly, golden-brown midribs.

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Dryopteris carthusiana (Spinulose Wood Fern)

Dryopteris carthusiana (Spinulose Wood Fern) is a semi-evergreen fern forming a vase-like tuft of narrow, lacy, finely toothed and dissected, bright lime-green fronds.

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Dryopteris cycadina (Shaggy Wood Fern)

Award-winning Dryopteris cycadina (Shaggy Wood Fern) is a graceful semi-evergreen fern forming a neat rosette of lance-shaped, divided, bright green fronds. Arising in shuttlecock-like clusters from a short creeping rhizome, the fronds are simply pinnate and covered with 20-30 pairs of narrow lance-shaped pinnae.

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Dryopteris erythrosora 'Brilliance' (Autumn Fern)

Dryopteris erythrosora 'Brilliance' (Autumn Fern) is an evergreen fern with strikingly orange-red new fronds in spring, which contrast beautifully with the shiny, dark green, mature fronds. Fading to lustrous summer green as the season progresses, the bipinnate, triangular blades draw attention again in fall with their bright red ripe spores (sori) on their undersides.

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Dryopteris erythrosora (Autumn Fern)

One of the most colorful ferns in the genus Dryopteris, Dryopteris erythrosora (Autumn Fern) is a clump-forming, semi-evergreen fern with broadly triangular, arching fronds. In spring, its new fronds are suffused with coppery tints and contrast beautifully with the shiny, dark green, mature fronds.

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Dryopteris expansa (Spreading Wood Fern)

Dryopteris expansa (Spreading Wood Fern) is a deciduous fern forming an upright tuft of finely divided, broad, triangular, dark green fronds from a scaly rhizome. Round and pale green, the sori are located on the underside of the leaflets.

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Dryopteris filix-mas (Male Fern)

Dryopteris filix-mas (Male Fern) is a large, deciduous fern with erect, stout rhizomes supporting graceful bouquets of lance-shaped, dull green fronds. Tapering at the base, each frond (blade) is pinnate-pinnatifid with 20-30 pairs of long-pointed leaflets per blade. Turning coppery in fall, this most adaptable and robust fern thrives on neglect and is pest and disease free.

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Dryopteris goldieana (Giant Wood Fern)

One of the largest and handsomest of the North American species of Dryopteris, Dryopteris goldieana (Giant Wood Fern) is an upright deciduous fern forming a rosette of broadly oval fronds, in variable shades from blue-green to pale pastel green, divided into numerous oblong, indented pinnae.

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Dryopteris ludoviciana (Southern Wood Fern)

Great for swampy or wet areas of the garden, Dryopteris ludoviciana (Southern Wood Fern) is a semi-evergreen fern with a short erect or creeping rhizome and masses of lance-shaped, shiny, dark green fronds tapering to the base with triangular lower pinnae (divisions of the leaf).

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Dryopteris wallichiana (Alpine Wood Fern)

One of the most handsome of ferns available, award-winning Dryopteris wallichiana (Alpine Wood Fern) is a stately semi-evergreen fern forming a tuft of lance-shaped, arching fronds from an erect rhizome. Arising in shuttlecock-like clusters, the fronds are warm butter yellow when they unfurl in spring

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