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Plant Families / Maianthemum - False Lily Of The Valley


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Maianthemum - False Lily Of The Valley

Useful as groundcover in woodlands and wild areas, Maianthemum are rhizomatous perennials with erect or arching stems bearing alternate leaves and tiny star-shaped flowers in terminal racemes or panicles, followed by red berries. Widespread across much of North America, Europe and Asia, they prefer full or partial shade and rich, moist, neutral to acidic soils.

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Maianthemum bifolium (False Lily of the Valley)

Maianthemum bifolium (False Lily of the Valley) is a spreading herbaceous perennial with pairs of large, glossy, dark green, heart-shaped leaves, 3 in. long (8 cm), arising directly from rhizomes. In late spring to early summer, sprays of 15-20 star-shaped white flowers are held just above the foliage.

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Maianthemum canadense (Canada Mayflower)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada Mayflower) is a vigorous rhizomatous perennial with pairs of large, oval, wavy-edged, shiny dark green leaves, 3 in. long (8 cm), arising directly from rhizomes. In late spring to early summer, sprays of tiny, white, star-shaped flowers are held on delicate stems just above the foliage. They give way to showy, ruby red berries in late summer. Spreading by underground roots, Canada Mayflower is a magnificent ground-covering plant.

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Maianthemum dilatatum (False Lily Of The Valley)

Maianthemum dilatatum (False Lily Of The Valley) is a vigorous rhizomatous perennial with pairs of broad, heart-shaped, heavily veined leaves, 8 in. long (20 cm), arising directly from rhizomes. In late spring to mid summer, spiky clusters of tiny, white, foamy flowers are held on erect stems just above the foliage. They give way to showy, red translucent berries in late summer. Spreading rapidly by creeping rootstocks, a single plant can produce hundreds of above-ground triads.

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Maianthemum racemosum (False Spikenard)

Maianthemum racemosum (False Spikenard) is a great looking perennial in the garden with its graceful, slightly arching stems featuring narrow, ovate, pointed, mid-green leaves with strong parallel veins running up to the tip. Rich of a rose fragrance, plume-like clusters of small, white flowers appear in mid to late spring.

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Maianthemum stellatum (Starry False Lily of the Valley)

Maianthemum stellatum (Starry False Lily of the Valley) is a creeping, rhizomatous perennial with alternate, pointed leaves, 5-6 in. long (12-15 cm), that clasp upright stems. In late spring to early summer, the stems are topped with sprays of 6-15 white, star-shaped, lightly-scented flowers.

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