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Plant Families / Palms - Cycads


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Palms - Cycads

Noble and versatile, palms and cycads are striking plants that enhance any garden with their tropical look. They display such a variety of heights, leaf and trunk types, seeds, and flowers, that there is surely one for every taste. Cycads are an ancient group of tropical and subtropical plants that have existed since the age of dinosaurs. To many people, the long leaves emerging from the center of the plant makes a cycad resemble a fern or a palm tree. Stunning and graceful, Palms and cycads are among the most rewarding plants, once their needs are met. They make wonderful specimen plants or can be used in groupings to create a tropical landscape.

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Bismarckia nobilis (Bismarck Palm)

Grown for its striking foliage color and texture, Bismarckia nobilis (Bismarck Palm) is an evergreen palm adorned with a thick trunk topped by a broad rounded head of gorgeous, stiff, intensely steel-blue, fan-shaped fronds, 4 ft. long and wide (120 cm). The persistent leaf bases are split, creating an attractive pattern on the trunk.

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Brahea armata (Mexican Blue Palm)

Grown for its striking foliage color, Brahea armata (Mexican Blue Palm) is an erect palm adorned with a thick solitary trunk covered by fibrous leaf bases and topped by a crown of gorgeous, blue-green, fan-shaped fronds, 5 ft. long (150 cm). The fronds are divided into as many as 20 to 40 lobes and attached on 3 ft. long (90 cm) petioles armed with teeth.

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Brahea edulis (Guadalupe Palm)

Brahea edulis (Guadalupe Palm) is a small to medium sized palm adorned with a thick solitary trunk and a low canopy of bluish-green, fan-shaped fronds. The fronds are divided into many stiff leaflets and borne at the tips of smooth petioles.

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Butia capitata (Jelly Palm)

Slow-growing, Butia capitata (Jelly Palm) is a handsome small evergreen palm with a stout solitary trunk crowned with blue-green to gray-green leaves that curve in towards the trunk. The pinnately compound leaves, 3-6 ft. (90-180 cm), form a dense, full crown and arch gracefully creating a slightly weeping effect.

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Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm)

Among the hardiest palms, Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm) is a bushy evergreen palm forming a medium-sized rounded shrub or a small tree. It can be stemless or multi-trunked (with up to 8 trunks) as it usually suckers from the base of the main trunk. However, it can be easily trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers.

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Copernicia alba (Caranday Palm)

Copernicia alba (Caranday Palm) is a tall and showy evergreen palm with a thin trunk topped with a dense crown of 50 gracefully arching, fan-shaped fronds that can reach 5 ft. in length (150 cm). The upper leaf surface is gray-green and the under-surface is silver. Each waxy leaf is divided into about 30 stiff leaflets.

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Cycas revoluta (Sago Palm)

Very slow-growing and long-lived, award-winning Cycas revoluta (Sago Palm) is a palm-like evergreen perennial with a very attractive rosette of shiny, arching, pinnate leaves, up to 2-5 ft. long (60-150 cm), atop a rugged upright trunk. Each leaf is divided into many narrow, leathery, spiny-tipped, deep green leaflets adorned with revolute edges.

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Cyrtostachys renda (Lipstick Palm)

Cherished for its incredible color, Cyrtostachys renda (Lipstick Palm) is a slow-growing tropical palm with a thin, bright green trunk adorned with white rings, and a long and glossy, crimson crownshaft (from which the fronds emerge), resembling a tube of lipstick.

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Dioon edule (Chestnut Dioon)

Slow-growing, Dioon edule (Chestnut Dioon) is an elegant, palm-like, evergreen cycad with an open rosette of large, stiff and straight, blue-green, pinnate leaves, up to 3-6 ft. long (90-180 cm). Borne atop a short stocky trunk, the leaves are divided into up to 120-160 spine-tipped, narrow leaflets.

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Dioon spinulosum (Giant Dioon)

One of the tallest cycads in the world, Dioon spinulosum (Giant Dioon) is an elegant, palm-like, evergreen cycad with an open rosette of perfectly arranged, blue-green, pinnate fronds, up to 6 ft. long (180 cm). They radiate out from the trunk and arch with grace. Borne atop a short stocky trunk, up to 16 in. wide (40 cm), the leaves are divided into up to 120-240 narrow leaflets, armed with small teeth along their edges.

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Dypsis decaryi (Triangle Palm)

Exceptionally handsome, Dypsis decaryi (Triangle Palm) is a small to medium sized palm adorned with a solitary trunk topped with a three-ranked crown of gray-green to blue-green, keeled, feather leaves. The common name of this palm comes from the triangular shape that is formed by three distinct points where the fronds emerge.

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Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Bottle Palm)

Named for its unusual trunk, Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Bottle Palm) is a picturesque evergreen palm with a smooth, pale gray to almost white trunk resembling a rounded bottle when young. As the palm ages, the swollen base becomes less pronounced and elongated. On top of the trunk sits a sparse canopy of 4-8 gracefully arching, glossy dark green, feather-like leaves, up to 6 ft. long (180 cm).

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Jubaea chilensis (Chilean Wine Palm)

Regarded by many as one of the most impressive palms in the world, Jubaea chilensis (Chilean Wine Palm) is a slow-growing evergreen palm with a huge and massive gray trunk supporting a dense crown of 40-50 gracefully arching featherlike leaves.

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Latania loddigesii (Blue Latan Palm)

Exceptionally beautiful, Latania loddigesii (Blue Latan Palm) is an evergreen palm adorned with a pale gray trunk topped by a gorgeous canopy of very thick, stiff, silvery-blue, fan-shaped leaves with red margins, 8 ft. wide (240 cm). Held aloft on five-foot-long petioles (150 cm), each leaf is covered with pale, wooly tomentum beneath, giving a silvery appearance to the palm.

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Livistona chinensis (Chinese Fan Palm)

A beautiful species with its soft, cascading appearance, Livistona chinensis (Chinese Fan Palm) is a medium-sized evergreen palm with a slender trunk adorned with up to 50 large, coarse-textured, emerald-green, palmate leaves, up to 3-6 ft. across (90-180 cm).

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