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Plant Families / Picea - Spruces


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Picea - Spruces

A terrific genus all year round, Picea (Spruces) are evergreen shrubs or trees available in a wide range of shapes and sizes and useful for foundation plantings, rock gardens or containers. Their rigid, needles are attached singly to the branches in a spiral fashion and can be all shades of green. Hanging down, their cones remain on the tree until the next growing season, when they fall intact on the ground. Most spruces prefer acidic, moist, well-drained soils in full sun but many tolerate light shade. Not favored by deer.

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Picea abies 'Acrocona' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Acrocona' (Norway Spruce) is a small evergreen tree noted for its abundant raspberry red cones adorning the branch tips in spring. Produced even on young plants, they contrast nicely with the lime green foliage and turn this Norway Spruce into a standout in the spring garden. In summer, the cones mature to pale brown while the foliage changes back to a quieter dark green color.

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Picea abies 'Cupressina' (Norway Spruce)

Architectural, Picea abies 'Cupressina' (Norway Spruce) is an elegant, columnar, evergreen tree with dense, fastigiate branches boasting attractive, slightly curved, dark green needles that turn blue-green in winter in colder climates. A fast grower, over 12 in. per year (30 cm), this eye-catching Norway Spruce makes a wonderful specimen in the sunny border. In all situations, it makes a great conversation piece.

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Picea abies 'Gold Drift' (Norway Spruce)

Adding color and drama to the garden, Picea abies 'Gold Drift' (Norway Spruce) is a striking, evergreen shrub or tree of mounding or weeping habit. Its pendulous branches are densely covered with bright lime green needles in spring, turning brilliant yellow if fully exposed to the sun. The intensity of the sun may burn the foliage when young, a tendency that decreases with age.

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Picea abies 'Inversa' (Norway Spruce)

Strong-growing, Picea abies 'Inversa', often called 'Pendula' (Norway Spruce), is a large, evergreen shrub of mounding, arching or weeping habit, densely covered with glossy, dark green needles. Vigorous, it tends to stay low unless trained upright on a stake. It may be trained to grow up to a desired height and then allowed to gracefully weep, with its branches clinging tightly to the main stem.

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Picea abies 'Little Gem' (Norway Spruce)

Deservedly desirable, Picea abies 'Little Gem' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, evergreen shrub of dense habit forming a flattened globe or bun. Its short branches are covered with finely textured, soft, tiny needles, emerging bright green in spring and turning dark green over time. A slow grower, 1 in. per year (2.5 cm), this popular miniature Norway Spruce is a wonderful addition to rock gardens and containers.

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Picea abies 'Nidiformis' (Norway Spruce)

Resembling a bird's nest, Picea abies 'Nidiformis' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, spreading, evergreen shrub adorned with a depression in the middle of its flat top. This broadly rounded, symmetrical Spruce produces dense, horizontal layers of branches covered with refreshing, light-green, short needles. A slow grower, 1-6 in. per year (2-15 cm), this widely popular Norway Spruce makes a great garden rock or foundation plant. A very old cultivar introduced in the early 1900s.

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Picea abies 'Pumila' (Norway Spruce)

Introduced in the 1850s, Picea abies 'Pumila' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, evergreen shrub forming a charming flat-topped cushion. Its lower branches tend to spread outward, while its upper branches tend to spread upward. They are densely covered with attractive, bright green needles. A slow grower, 3-5 in. per year (7-12 cm), this Norway Spruce is perfect as a specimen, for foundation plantings or rock gardens.

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Picea abies 'Pusch' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Pusch' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, spreading, evergreen shrub of globose habit when young, becoming more upright over time. It is prized for its abundant red cones which adorn most of the branch tips in spring, creating a terrific display in the garden. As the season progresses, the cones mature to pale brown and persist until late winter.

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Picea abies 'Sherwoodii' (Norway Spruce)

Extremely variable in structure, Picea abies 'Sherwoodii' (Norway Spruce) can be a conifer of conical or spreading habit. It can grow as a pyramidal tree with strongly ascending branches or develop into a broadly spreading shrub. Its branches are densely covered with light green needles and many soft brown shoots. A slow grower, 4-6 in. per year (10-15 cm), this Norway Spruce is perfect as a specimen, for foundation plantings or as a thick hedge

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Picea abies 'Tompa' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Tompa' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, evergreen shrub of conical habit, with ascending branches densely covered with attractive, fresh green needles. A slow grower, 1 in. per year (2 cm), this Norway Spruce is perfect as a specimen, for foundation plantings or rock gardens.

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Picea abies 'Wills Zwerg' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Wills Zwerg' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, compact, upright conical, evergreen conifer adorned with short, stiff, bright green needles. A slow grower, 2-3 in. per year (5-7 cm), this is a great addition to any garden settings, including small gardens.

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Picea abies 'Witches' Brood' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Witches’ Brood' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, evergreen shrub forming a charming globe when young, becoming broadly conical over time. Reminiscent of ostrich feathers, its perfectly symmetrical branches are densely covered with finely textured, light green needles. A slow grower, 2 in. per year (5 cm), this Norway Spruce is perfect as a specimen, for foundation plantings or rock gardens.

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Picea engelmannii (Engelmann Spruce)

Picea engelmannii (Engelmann Spruce) is a large evergreen conifer of narrowly conical habit in youth, becoming cylindrical with age. Its branches descend to sweep the ground and conceal the trunk. The stiff and sharp-pointed, 4-sided needles are blue-green above and blue-white underneath. Thin and scaly, the reddish-brown bark is flaking off in small circular plates.

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Picea glauca 'Echiniformis' (White Spruce)

Picea glauca 'Echiniformis' (White Spruce) is a dwarf, cushion-shaped, evergreen conifer with perfectly uniform branching. Its tiny branches are densely covered with very short, slender, silvery-green needles. A slow grower, 1 in. per year (2 cm), this Dwarf White Spruce makes a glorious accent in the rock garden. Great for small gardens.

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Picea glauca 'Pendula' (White Spruce)

Stately, Picea glauca 'Pendula' (White Spruce) is a narrow, conical to pyramidal, evergreen tree adorned with a strong central leader and very pendulous branches that cascade down gracefully and hug the trunk. Its long limbs are covered with nice, blue-green needles. A fast grower, 12 in. per year (30 cm), this Weeping White Spruce makes a glorious accent in the landscape and a great conversation piece.

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