Plant Family / Picea - Spruces

 

Picea, Spruce, Norway Spruce, White Spruce, Alberta Spruce, Serbian Spruce, Oriental Spruce, Colorado Spruce, evergreen shrubs, evergreen trees, conifers

Picea - Spruces

A terrific genus all year round, Picea (Spruces) are evergreen shrubs or trees available in a wide range of shapes and sizes and useful for foundation plantings, rock gardens or containers. Their rigid, needles are attached singly to the branches in a spiral fashion and can be all shades of green. Hanging down, their cones remain on the tree until the next growing season, when they fall intact on the ground. Most spruces prefer acidic, moist, well-drained soils in full sun but many tolerate light shade. Not favored by deer.


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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces


Picea abies 'Acrocona' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Acrocona' (Norway Spruce) is a small evergreen tree noted for its abundant raspberry red cones adorning the branch tips in spring. Produced even on young plants, they contrast nicely with the lime green foliage and turn this Norway Spruce into a standout in the spring garden. In summer, the cones mature to pale brown while the foliage changes back to a quieter dark green color.

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Picea abies 'Cupressina' (Norway Spruce)

Architectural, Picea abies 'Cupressina' (Norway Spruce) is an elegant, columnar, evergreen tree with dense, fastigiate branches boasting attractive, slightly curved, dark green needles that turn blue-green in winter in colder climates. A fast grower, over 12 in. per year (30 cm), this eye-catching Norway Spruce makes a wonderful specimen in the sunny border. In all situations, it makes a great conversation piece.

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Picea abies 'Gold Drift' (Norway Spruce)

Adding color and drama to the garden, Picea abies 'Gold Drift' (Norway Spruce) is a striking, evergreen shrub or tree of mounding or weeping habit. Its pendulous branches are densely covered with bright lime green needles in spring, turning brilliant yellow if fully exposed to the sun. The intensity of the sun may burn the foliage when young, a tendency that decreases with age.

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Picea abies 'Inversa' (Norway Spruce)

Strong-growing, Picea abies 'Inversa', often called 'Pendula' (Norway Spruce), is a large, evergreen shrub of mounding, arching or weeping habit, densely covered with glossy, dark green needles. Vigorous, it tends to stay low unless trained upright on a stake. It may be trained to grow up to a desired height and then allowed to gracefully weep, with its branches clinging tightly to the main stem.

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Picea abies 'Little Gem' (Norway Spruce)

Deservedly desirable, Picea abies 'Little Gem' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, evergreen shrub of dense habit forming a flattened globe or bun. Its short branches are covered with finely textured, soft, tiny needles, emerging bright green in spring and turning dark green over time. A slow grower, 1 in. per year (2.5 cm), this popular miniature Norway Spruce is a wonderful addition to rock gardens and containers.

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Picea abies 'Nidiformis' (Norway Spruce)

Resembling a bird's nest, Picea abies 'Nidiformis' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, spreading, evergreen shrub adorned with a depression in the middle of its flat top. This broadly rounded, symmetrical Spruce produces dense, horizontal layers of branches covered with refreshing, light-green, short needles. A slow grower, 1-6 in. per year (2-15 cm), this widely popular Norway Spruce makes a great garden rock or foundation plant. A very old cultivar introduced in the early 1900s.

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Picea abies 'Pumila' (Norway Spruce)

Introduced in the 1850s, Picea abies 'Pumila' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, evergreen shrub forming a charming flat-topped cushion. Its lower branches tend to spread outward, while its upper branches tend to spread upward. They are densely covered with attractive, bright green needles. A slow grower, 3-5 in. per year (7-12 cm), this Norway Spruce is perfect as a specimen, for foundation plantings or rock gardens.

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Picea abies 'Pusch' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Pusch' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, spreading, evergreen shrub of globose habit when young, becoming more upright over time. It is prized for its abundant red cones which adorn most of the branch tips in spring, creating a terrific display in the garden. As the season progresses, the cones mature to pale brown and persist until late winter.

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Picea abies 'Sherwoodii' (Norway Spruce)

Extremely variable in structure, Picea abies 'Sherwoodii' (Norway Spruce) can be a conifer of conical or spreading habit. It can grow as a pyramidal tree with strongly ascending branches or develop into a broadly spreading shrub. Its branches are densely covered with light green needles and many soft brown shoots. A slow grower, 4-6 in. per year (10-15 cm), this Norway Spruce is perfect as a specimen, for foundation plantings or as a thick hedge

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Picea abies 'Tompa' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Tompa' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, evergreen shrub of conical habit, with ascending branches densely covered with attractive, fresh green needles. A slow grower, 1 in. per year (2 cm), this Norway Spruce is perfect as a specimen, for foundation plantings or rock gardens.

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Picea abies 'Wills Zwerg' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Wills Zwerg' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, compact, upright conical, evergreen conifer adorned with short, stiff, bright green needles. A slow grower, 2-3 in. per year (5-7 cm), this is a great addition to any garden settings, including small gardens.

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Picea abies 'Witches' Brood' (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies 'Witches’ Brood' (Norway Spruce) is a dwarf, evergreen shrub forming a charming globe when young, becoming broadly conical over time. Reminiscent of ostrich feathers, its perfectly symmetrical branches are densely covered with finely textured, light green needles. A slow grower, 2 in. per year (5 cm), this Norway Spruce is perfect as a specimen, for foundation plantings or rock gardens.

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Picea glauca 'Echiniformis' (White Spruce)

Picea glauca var. albertiana 'Alberta Globe' (White Spruce) is a dwarf, ball-shaped, dense evergreen conifer with perfectly uniform branching. Emerging light green, its fine needles turn to glue-green as they mature. A slow grower, 2 in. per year (5 cm), this Dwarf White Spruce makes a glorious accent in the rock garden.

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Picea glauca 'Pendula' (White Spruce)

Stately, Picea glauca 'Pendula' (White Spruce) is a narrow, conical to pyramidal, evergreen tree adorned with a strong central leader and very pendulous branches that cascade down gracefully and hug the trunk. Its long limbs are covered with nice, blue-green needles. A fast grower, 12 in. per year (30 cm), this Weeping White Spruce makes a glorious accent in the landscape and a great conversation piece.

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Picea glauca var. albertiana 'Alberta Globe' (White Spruce)

Picea glauca var. albertiana 'Alberta Globe' (White Spruce) is a dwarf, ball-shaped, dense evergreen conifer with perfectly uniform branching. Emerging light green, its fine needles turn to glue-green as they mature. A slow grower, 2 in. per year (5 cm), this Dwarf White Spruce makes a glorious accent in the rock garden.

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Picea glauca var. albertiana 'Conica' (White Spruce)

Incredibly popular, Picea glauca var. albertiana 'Conica' (White Spruce) is a dense, cone-shaped, dwarf evergreen conifer with perfectly uniform branching. Emerging light green, its fine needles turn to blue-green as they mature. A slow grower, 4 in. per year (10 cm), this Dwarf White Spruce makes a glorious accent in a mixed border and is perfect in any garden settings. Great for topiaries too.

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Picea glauca var. albertiana 'J.W. Daisy's White' (White Spruce)

Changing colors throughout the year, Picea glauca var. albertiana 'J.W. Daisy's White' (White Spruce) is a dwarf, cone-shaped, evergreen conifer adorned with creamy-white new growth in spring. As the season progresses, the foliage changes to blue-green. A slow grower, 1-2 in. per year (2-5 cm), this Dwarf White Spruce makes a glorious accent in the rock garden. Perfect for small gardens.

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Picea glauca var. albertiana 'Sander’s Blue' (White Spruce)

Picea glauca var. albertiana 'Sander’s Blue' (White Spruce) is a dense, dwarf evergreen conifer of pointed, conical habit with perfectly uniform branching. Its fine slate blue needles when young turn green as the plant gets older, often creating a pretty bi-color effect. A slow grower, 3-6 in. per year (7-15 cm), this Dwarf White Spruce makes a glorious accent in a mixed border and is perfect in any garden settings.

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Picea omorika 'Aurea' (Serbian Spruce)

Picea omorika ‘Aurea’ (Serbian Spruce) is a very stylish evergreen conifer of narrowly conical habit with short drooping branches that curve upward at their tips. It is clothed in a lush foliage of gold, green and blue needles, which creates a unique tri-color effect. A moderate grower, 6-12 in. per year (15-30 cm), this elegant Serbian Spruce is magnificent, either as a specimen or in a grouping.

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Picea omorika 'Pendula Bruns' (Serbian Spruce)

A sight to behold, Picea omorika ‘Pendula Bruns’ (Serbian Spruce) is a very narrow, columnar, evergreen tree adorned with a strong central leader and strictly weeping branches that cascade down gracefully and hug the trunk. It is clothed in a lush foliage of silvery, blue-green needles. A moderate grower, 6-12 in. per year (15-30 cm), this Weeping Serbian Spruce is a breathtaking beauty year-round and makes a glorious vertical accent in the landscape.

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Picea omorika 'Peve Tijn' (Serbian Spruce)

Picea omorika ‘Peve Tijn’ (Serbian Spruce) is a dwarf evergreen conifer of globe-shaped habit when young, developing into a small conical tree. It is clothed in a lush foliage of bright gold, green and light blue needles, which creates a unique tri-color effect. A slow grower, 1-3 in. per year (2-7 cm), this small Serbian Spruce is a breathtaking beauty year-round and makes a glorious accent in the rock garden.

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Picea pungens 'Bialobok' (Colorado Spruce)

Picea pungens 'Bialobok' (Colorado Spruce) is a small, evergreen conifer of elegant conical habit with brilliant creamy-white new growth in spring. As the season progresses, the foliage changes to an attractive silvery-blue. A slow grower, 4-6 in. per year 10-15 cm, this striking Colorado Spruce stands out in the landscape. Perfect as a focal point in a sunny border where its golden spring foliage will make a pleasing contrast with the other plants.

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Picea pungens 'Edith' (Colorado Spruce)

Particularly attractive, Picea pungens 'Edith' (Colorado Spruce) is an evergreen tree of conical habit with layered horizontal branches densely clothed in long, icy-blue to silver needles. The younger needles are more silver, while the older needles tend towards dark green.

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Picea pungens 'Globosa' (Colorado Spruce)

Slow-growing, Picea pungens 'Globosa' (Colorado Spruce) is a dwarf, broadly pyramidal, densely branched, evergreen shrub with rigid, silvery blue needles. The attractive blue needles hold their color well throughout the year. A very charming Colorado Spruce that stands out in the garden, specifically in the spring when the new growth is at its most intense blue. Perfect for rock gardens, border fronts and small gardens.

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