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Plant Families / Silene - Campions


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Silene - Campions

Colorful choices for the rock gardens, border fronts or meadows and prairies, Silene (Campions) can be annuals, biennials, herbaceous or evergreen perennials. Mostly grown for their masses of charming 5-petaled flowers, they attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Some grow upright, others form low cushions. They usually self-seed readily and reliably pop up every spring. Easily grown in full sun or part shade in fertile, well-drained soils, there are over 700 species. There is surely one for your garden!

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Silene armeria (Garden Catchfly)

Beautify your garden with Silene armeria (Garden Catchfly), a lovely perennial plant with eye-catching rounded clusters of bright pink flowers in mid or late summer

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Silene caroliniana (Wild Pink)

Silene caroliniana (Wild Pink) is a low-growing, tufted, semi-evergreen perennial boasting loose clusters of rosy pink flowers adorned with five spreading petals, usually unnotched or just slightly notched, in mid to late spring. A single plant can produce up to 100 showy flowers.

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Silene dioica (Red Campion)

Pretty and low-maintenance, Silene dioica (Red Campion) is a semi-evergreen perennial forming bold clumps of spoon shaped, downy leaves from which emerge tall, rich green stems bearing delicate pink flowers. Blooming profusely from late spring to early summer, then sporadically until fall, each flower, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), features five deeply notched petals.

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Silene latifolia (White Campion)

Silene latifolia (White Campion) is an upright, semi-evergreen biennial or short-lived perennial with elliptic leaves and clusters of white flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), slightly scented in the evening. Blooming from late spring to late summer, each blossom is adorned with 5 spreading petals partially cleft and an inflated, prominently veined, pale green calyx.

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Silene regia (Royal Catchfly)

Silene regia (Royal Catchfly) is a showy perennial forming bold clumps of lance-shaped, downy leaves from which emerge tall, slender stems bearing stunning clusters of 5-petaled, scarlet red flowers. Blooming profusely from mid to late summer, each flower, 2 in. across (5 cm), features a sticky calyx that can trap small insects, giving the plant its common name.

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Silene stellata (Starry Campion)

Quite beautiful, Silene stellata (Starry Campion) is an erect, loosely branching perennial forming a clump of lance-shaped leaves in whorls of four and charming clusters of white, snowflake-like flowers with flaring, deeply fringed petals.

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Silene uniflora (Sea Campion)

A common sight on the seacoasts of western Europe, Silene uniflora (Sea Campion) is a low-growing, semi-evergreen perennial forming a mat of smooth, blue-green, waxy leaves which are lanceolate, stalkless and borne in opposite pairs. Blooming for 6-8 weeks in late spring to early summer, masses of white flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), are borne singly or in small clusters and rise on short, erect stems above the foliage.

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Silene virginica (Fire Pink)

Glowing like embers, Silene virginica (Fire Pink) is a showy clump-forming perennial boasting long, lance-shaped, opposite leaves and brilliant clusters of scarlet red flowers. Blooming profusely from mid spring to early summer, each flower, 2 in. across (5 cm), features five thin petals cleft at the tip, and sticky sepals. The are borne in loose clusters at the top of slender sticky stems.

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Silene vulgaris (Bladder Campion)

Silene vulgaris (Bladder Campion) is an upright, semi-evergreen perennial with upright stems clad with lanceolate leaves, 3 in. long (7 cm), that are stalkless and nearly clasping. Blooming for months from late spring to late summer, lax sprays of white flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), are borne in small clusters at the tips of branching stems and rise above the foliage.

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Silene zawadskii (Zawadski's Campion)

A long-lasting summer bloomer, Silene zawadskii (Zawadski's Campion) is a low-growing, evergreen perennial forming a thick cushion of tufted rosettes, above which arise pure white flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), on short stems. Blooming for weeks in summer, each blossom is adorned with five petals and an inflated pale green calyx.

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