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Solidago - Goldenrods

Solidago, commonly known as Goldenrod, belongs to the Asteraceae family, which also includes yarrows, chrysanthemums, and sunflowers. These showy upright perennials with their soft golden plumes of flowers are vital ingredients of late summer and fall borders, cottage gardens, prairies or meadows where they add color, texture and their sparkles! Goldenrods are tough plants that thrive in sun or light shade. While often taking the blame for ragweed, Goldenrod is not the cause of hay fever. 

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Euthamia graminifolia (Grass-Leaved Goldenrod)

Euthamia graminifolia (Grass-Leaved Goldenrod) is an upright, erect perennial wildflower with many-branched inflorescences atop leafy branched stems. Blooming in mid summer to fall, they bear dense, flat-topped clusters of 20-35 pale to bright yellow flowers. The upper half of the plant appears bushy due to its branched stems and grass-like, narrow to linear, alternate leaves.

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Euthamia occidentalis (Western Goldentop)

Euthamia occidentalis (Western Goldentop) is a rhizomatous perennial with tall and branched stems clad with long, narrow, gray-green leaves. Blooming in mid summer to fall, they bear dense, flat-topped clusters packed with bright yellow flowerheads. Western Goldentop provides a nectar source for pollinators, including bees and butterflies, and is a noted monarch nectar plant for the Rocky Mountain and California Coast regions.

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Oligoneuron album (White Goldenrod)

Noted for its striking floral display, Oligoneuron album (White Goldenrod) is a compact and low-growing perennial forming an open dome of flat-topped clusters bearing white daisy flowers with yellow disk centers. Blooming from midsummer to fall, the dainty blossoms are nectar rich and great for butterflies and pollinators while birds feast on the seeds.

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Oligoneuron rigidum (Stiff Goldenrod)

Bringing cheerful late season color, Oligoneuron rigidum (Stiff Goldenrod) is an upright unbranched perennial boasting dense, rounded or flat-topped clusters of tiny, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers in late summer and early fall.

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Solidago 'Goldenmosa' (Goldenrod)

Blooming for many weeks from late summer to early fall, this eye-catching beauty is regarded as one of the best Goldenrods.

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Solidago altissima (Tall Goldenrod)

Solidago altissima (Tall Goldenrod) is a rhizomatous, spreading perennial boasting tall, upright, central stems clad with narrowly lance-shaped leaves, 4-6 in. long (10-15 cm), usually with small teeth along the margins. In the fall, it bears densely packed clusters of dark yellow flowers along one side of arching branches. One plant can produce as many as 1500 small yellow flower heads in a large conical array.

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Solidago caesia (Wreath Goldenrod)

Shade-tolerant, Solidago caesia (Wreath Goldenrod) is a herbaceous perennial wildflower forming a clump of arching, blue-green stems clad with lance-shaped, toothed, medium to dark green leaves, 2-5 in. long (5-12 cm). Blooming for about one month in late summer to fall, the plant bears loose clusters of 1-12 tiny, bright yellow flowers in the leaf axils along the length of the stems, as well as a large terminal cluster.

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Solidago canadensis (Canada Goldenrod)

Solidago canadensis (Canada Goldenrod) is a rhizomatous, spreading perennial boasting tall, upright, central stems clad with narrowly lance-shaped, sharply-toothed, green leaves, 6 in. long (15 cm). In late summer to late fall, it bears densely packed clusters of yellow flowers along one side of arching branches. Attractive to bees and butterflies, Canada Goldenrod provides a bold splash of color in the late season garden.

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Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod)

Blooming earlier than most goldenrod species, Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod) is a tall and columnar rhizomatous perennial boasting upright central stems clad with narrowly lance-shaped leaves, 3-5 in. long (7-12 cm), slightly to sharply toothed along their margins. In late summer to mid fall, it bears broad pyramidal panicles, up to 1 ft. long (30 cm), with recurving branches packed with tiny yellow flowers.

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Solidago nemoralis (Gray Goldenrod)

One of the smallest goldenrods, Solidago nemoralis (Gray Goldenrod) is a rhizomatous perennial forming a clump of upright, gray-downy stems clad with alternate, narrow lanceolate, gray green leaves, 4 in. long (10 cm). In summer to early fall, it bears one-sided, bright yellow flower plumes, 4-10 in. long (10-25 cm), on the upper side of gracefully arching stalks

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Solidago odora (Sweet Goldenrod)

A stately plant for the fragrant garden, Solidago odora (Sweet Goldenrod) is a clump-forming, slowly enlarging perennial boasting upright stems clad with lance-shaped, dark green leaves, 4 in. long (10 cm), that smell like anise when crushed.

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Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks' (Rough Goldenrod)

Marking the end of summer with its sprays of bright yellow flowers, Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks' (Rough Goldenrod) is a clump-forming perennial that provides a bold splash of color in the late season garden. Blooming for weeks from late summer to late fall, this eye-catching beauty features arching flower panicles that resemble fireworks cascading off the plant.

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Solidago rugosa (Rough Goldenrod)

Compact and cascading, Solidago rugosa (Rough Goldenrod) is a clump-forming perennial boasting eye-catching arching sprays packed with small, bright yellow flowers in late summer and fall. They are borne at the ends of rough, hairy stems clad with ovate to lanceolate, sharply serrated, green leaves, 4 in. long (10 cm).

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Solidago sempervirens (Seaside Goldenrod)

A most striking goldenrod, Solidago sempervirens (Seaside Goldenrod) is a herbaceous perennial wildflower forming a tight clump of narrow, evergreen basal leaves topped by leafy, erect or arching stalks. Blooming in late summer to fall, they bear terminal or upper axillary, one-sided clusters packed with large, bright deep-yellow flowers. The fleshy, waxy leaves are quite large, 12 in. long or more (30 cm), and deter salt and sand penetration.

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Solidago speciosa (Showy Goldenrod)

One of the showiest goldenrods, Solidago speciosa (Showy Goldenrod) is a rhizomatous perennial forming an upright clump of stiff, narrow-leaved, reddish stems. Blooming for about a month in late summer to fall, they bear dense, pyramidal, terminal clusters, up to 12 in. long (30 cm), packed with tiny, bright yellow flowers. The blossoms occasionally have a mild fragrance.

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