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Plant Families / Taxus - Yews


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Taxus - Yews

Popular in public and home gardens, Taxus (Yew) are small evergreen trees or large shrubs with dense, narrow leaves and conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones on female plants. Their forms vary from low and wide-spreading to tall and columnar. Easy to grow and fairly low care, they are relatively slow-growing and can be very long-lived. Some make terrific specimens, others can be trimmed and shaped into hedges, topiaries. Tolerant of full shade and urban pollution, they adapt to most well-drained soils.

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Taxus × media 'Densiformis' (Anglo-Japanese Yew)

Taxus × media 'Densiformis' (Anglo-Japanese Yew) is a semi-dwarf, evergreen shrub of rounded habit when young and spreading with age. Its dense undulating branches are clothed in glossy bright green needles, held in 2 ranks. This female cultivar produces a profusion of conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones. Slow-growing, 3-5 in. per year (7-12 cm), this Yew is very versatile and can be used for foundation plantings or as a specimen plant. It can be pruned regularly to create a low hedge.

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Taxus × media 'Hicksii' (Anglo-Japanese Yew)

Taxus × media 'Hicksii' (Anglo-Japanese Yew) is a dense, evergreen shrub of narrowly columnar habit when young, becoming wider with age, with long, erect branches clothed in glossy dark green needles. It is available in both male and female types, the female ones producing a profusion of conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones. Slow-growing, 4-5 in. per year (10-12 cm), this Yew is very popular for use as a hedgerow or topiary subject.

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Taxus baccata 'David' (English Yew)

Taxus baccata 'Davidi' (English Yew) is a dense, narrowly columnar, evergreen shrub forming a splendid exclamation point in the landscape. Its tightly packed, erect branches are clothed in narrow green leaves edged with gold, which hold their brilliant color throughout the year. This male cultivar does not produce conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones. Perfect for small gardens, foundations or rock gardens.

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Taxus baccata 'Dovastoniana' (English Yew)

Taxus baccata 'Dovastoniana' (Irish Yew) is a large, spreading, evergreen shrub or small tree with horizontal branches adorned with pendulous tips and sometimes, several upright central leaders. It is densely clothed in dark green leaves. This male cultivar occasionally produces a female branch adorned with conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones.

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Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata Aurea' (Irish Yew)

Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata Aurea' (Irish Yew) is a dense, upright, evergreen shrub of columnar habit when young, becoming more broadly conical as the plant ages. Its stiffly erect branches boast long, radially arranged, bright yellow to lime-green needles. This female cultivar produces conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones that contrast beautifully with the foliage.

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Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata' (Irish Yew)

One of the world’s most popular conifers, Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata' (Irish Yew) is a dense, upright, evergreen shrub of columnar habit when young, becoming more broadly conical as the plant ages. Its stiffly erect branches boast long, radially arranged, dark green needles. This female cultivar produces conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones that contrast beautifully with the foliage.

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Taxus baccata 'Repandens' (English Yew)

A very popular choice, Taxus baccata 'Repandens' (English Yew) is a small, prostrate and wide-spreading, evergreen shrub with undulating branches adorned with pendulous tips. It is densely clothed in long, glossy, dark green leaves held in two ranks. This female cultivar rarely produces the conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones. A moderate grower, 6-8 in. per year (15-20 cm), this spreading English Yew is ideal as a medium-sized groundcover, especially in woodland conditions.

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Taxus baccata 'Repens Aurea' (English Yew)

Taxus baccata 'Repens Aurea' (English Yew) is a small, prostrate and wide-spreading, evergreen shrub with undulating branches adorned with pendulous tips. It is densely clothed in long, glossy leaves, brightly edged with yellow when young, changing to cream over time. This female cultivar rarely produces the conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones. A slow grower, 3-5 in. per year (7-12 cm), this spreading English Yew is ideal as a medium-sized groundcover, especially in woodland conditions.

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Taxus baccata 'Standishii' (English Yew)

Highly popular, Taxus baccata 'Standishii' (English Yew) is a dense, narrowly columnar, evergreen shrub forming a splendid exclamation point in the landscape. Its tightly packed, erect branches are clothed in rich golden-yellow leaves, which hold their brilliant color throughout the year. This female cultivar produces conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones that contrast beautifully with the foliage.

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Taxus canadensis (American Yew)

A true American native, Taxus canadensis (American Yew) is an open, sprawling evergreen shrub with spreading and ascending branches clothed with flat, narrow, dark green needles with pale green undersides.

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