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Plant Families / Tilia - Lindens


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Tilia - Lindens

Tilia (Linden) are dense, deciduous trees adorned with heart-shaped leaves and pendulous clusters of fragrant creamy-white flowers in spring or summer, followed by conspicuous winged fruits. Rich in nectar, the flowers are highly attractive to bees. Hives placed around some Tilia species yield a prized fragrant honey. In cold winter areas, fall color varies from negligible to golden-yellow.

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Tilia americana (American Basswood)

Stately and imposing, Tilia americana (American Basswood) is a large deciduous tree adorned with an ovate-rounded crown boasting large ovate dark green leaves, up to 6 in. long (15 cm), turning, at best, yellow-green in the fall. In early summer, creamy-yellow, fragrant flowers appear in drooping cymes. Rich in nectar, they are highly attractive to bees and contribute to the production of a strongly flavored honey.

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Tilia cordata (Littleleaf Linden)

Long-lived, Tilia cordata (Littleleaf Linden) is a large deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, becoming pyramidal-rounded with age. Densely branched, it is clothed in glossy, heart-shaped, dark green leaves, up to 3 in. long (7cm), turning yellow in the fall. In early summer, small, fragrant creamy-white flowers are borne in spreading clusters. Rich in nectar, they are highly attractive to bees.

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Tilia henryana (Henry's Lime)

Slow-growing, Tilia henryana (Henry's Lime) is a medium-sized deciduous tree adorned with a rounded crown clothed in softly downy, broadly heart-shaped, sea-green leaves, up to 5 in. long (12 cm), fringed with long teeth. In spring the leaves unfold a stunning silvery-pink against the naked branches. In early to midsummer, small, fragrant creamy-white flowers are borne in drooping cymes.

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Tilia platyphyllos (Large-Leaved Linden)

Tilia platyphyllos (Large-Leaved Linden) is a large deciduous tree of densely broad-pyramidal habit boasting round-ovate, medium to dark green leaves, up to 5 in. long (12 cm), turning pale yellow in the fall. In early summer, small, fragrant creamy-white flowers are borne in drooping cymes. Rich in nectar, they are highly attractive to bees.

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Tilia tomentosa (Silver Linden)

Shimmering with each little breeze, Tilia tomentosa (Silver Linden) is a large deciduous tree of usually broadly pyramidal habit adorned with erect branches clothed in rounded, sharply-toothed leaves, 2-5 in. long (5-12 cm), glossy green above and silvery-white beneath. The fuzzy undersides make the tree sparkle when the breeze stirs the leaves, creating a beautiful two-toned effect.

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Tilia x euchlora (Caucasian Linden)

Graceful, Tilia x euchlora (Caucasian Linden) is a large deciduous tree of softly pyramidal habit with spreading, slightly pendulous branches that skirt the ground. The crown is densely clothed in rich glossy green leaves with paler undersides, up to 4 in. long (10cm), turning yellow in the fall. In late spring to early summer, small, fragrant creamy-white flowers are borne in drooping cymes.

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Tilia x europaea (European Linden)

Tilia x europaea (European Linden) is a large deciduous tree of broad-columnar habit boasting heart-shaped, broad, dark green leaves, up to 4 in. long (10cm), turning yellow in the fall. In early summer, small, fragrant creamy-white flowers are borne in drooping cymes. Rich in nectar, they are highly attractive to bees.

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