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Plant Families / Ulmus - Elms


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Ulmus - Elms

Valued for their fast growth, Ulmus are deciduous trees, with handsome oval leaves often coloring well in the fall. Some have superb exfoliating bark, which flakes to reveal patches of shades of gray, green, brown, and orange. However, elms are subject to a fatal disease, the Dutch Elm disease, which has killed millions of American elms throughout North America and can attack most other elm species. Considerable effort is being made to breed hybrids that are resistant to the Dutch elm disease.

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Ulmus americana (American Elm)

Handsome and graceful, Ulmus americana (American Elm) is a medium to large deciduous tree of upright-spreading habit, forming a very broad, flat-topped or vaselike crown. The foliage of leathery, dark green leaves, 3-6 in. long (7-15 cm), turns butter-yellow to rich yellow in the fall.

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Ulmus glabra 'Camperdownii' (Scotch Elm)

Ulmus glabra 'Camperdownii' (Scotch Elm) is a large weeping tree forming a handsome dome of branches that gracefully weep, sometimes almost kissing the ground. Its dark green, sandpapery leaves turn golden-yellow in the fall.

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Ulmus glabra 'Lutescens' (Golden Elm)

Luminous, Ulmus glabra 'Lutescens' (Golden Elm) is a medium to large deciduous tree of vase-shaped habit in youth, becoming broadly rounded with age. Its ovate, serrated leaves emerge pale yellow in spring, deepening to greenish-yellow in summer and turning golden-yellow in the fall.

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Ulmus parvifolia 'Frosty' (Chinese Elm)

Magnificent, Ulmus parvifolia 'Frosty' (Chinese Elm) is a small deciduous tree of vase shaped habit, noted for its variegated foliage, multi-colored bark and good resistance to Dutch elm disease.

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Ulmus parvifolia 'Seiju' (Chinese Elm)

Primarily used for rock gardens and bonsai, Ulmus parvifolia 'Seiju' (Chinese Elm) is a dwarf deciduous tree of rounded habit, noted for its excellent foliage, multi-colored bark and good resistance to Dutch elm disease.

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Ulmus pumila (Siberian Elm)

Fast-growing, Ulmus pumila (Siberian Elm) is a large, broadly upright, deciduous tree with oval, serrated, dark green leaves, up to 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm), that turn butter-yellow in the fall.

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