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Hibiscus mutabilis (Confederate Rose)

Confederate Rose, Confederate Rose Mallow, Confederate Vine, Cotton Rose

AGM Award
Hibiscus mutabilis, Confederate Rose, Confederate Rose Mallow, Confederate Vine, Cotton Rose , Flowering Shrub, White flowers, White Hibiscus, Pink flowers, Pink Hibiscus

Fast-growing, award-winning Hibiscus mutabilis (Confederate Rose) is a large spreading shrub or small multi-stemmed tree with huge flowers that make a big impact in the landscape. Blooming profusely from late summer through fall, Confederate Rose becomes the glory of the garden. Its remarkable flowers, single or double, are 4-6 in. in diameter (10-15 cm). The astounding aspect of these flowers is how quickly they can change color. They will emerge a pure white or light pink in the morning and change drastically to hot pink, possibly red by the evening. All colors are present at the same time, creating a great multicolor effect. In midsummer, large, rich green leaves, up to 7 in. across (17 cm), unfurl to create a lush and attractive backdrop for the stunning flowers.

Low maintenance, Hibiscus mutabilis is a gem in the late-season garden, adding charm and color at a time of the year when most plants are going to bed for the winter. It will be the talk of the neighborhood when it is in full bloom.

Hibiscus mutabilis is neither a confederate (it comes from China but has found a friendly climate in the South), nor a rose (it’s in Malvaceae, the Hibiscus family).

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society
  • Typically grows up to 6-15 ft. tall (180-450 cm) with a spread of 6-10 ft. (180-300 cm). While the plant can reach heights of 12 to 15 feet in zones 9-10, it generally tops out at 6 to 8 feet in cooler areas. In zones 7-8, it is likely to be killed to the ground by the first hard freeze, but it will resprout with even more vigor in the following spring.
  • A full sun or part shade lover, this plant is best grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Water freely during the growing season and apply a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly. Water sparingly in winter. Drought tolerant.
  • Watch for aphids, scale insects, mealybugs, and powdery mildew. Deer resistant.
  • Plant in shrub borders for dramatic summer blooms. Great flowering shrub for foundation plantings.
  • Little pruning is required.
  • Propagate by seed sown at 13-18°C in spring or propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer
  • Native to China

Requirements

Hardiness 7 - 11
Heat Zones 8 - 12
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Malvaceae
Genus Hibiscus
Common names Hibiscus, Confederate Rose
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 6' - 15'
(180cm - 4.6m)
Spread 6' - 10'
(180cm - 3m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Drought, Deer
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Painted Lady’ (Tropical Hibiscus)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Fifth Dimension’ (Tropical Hibiscus)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Cooperi’ (Tropical Hibiscus)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ‘Hula Girl’ (Tropical Hibiscus)
Hibiscus ‘Kopper King’ (Rose Mallow)
Hibiscus ‘Lord Baltimore’ (Rose Mallow)

Recommended Companion Plants

Cistus ladanifer (Crimson-Spot Rockrose)
Lantana camara Landmark™ Peach Sunrise (Bigleaf Lantana)
Rosa Flower Carpet White (Groundcover Rose)
Achillea millefolium ‘Paprika’ (Yarrow)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

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40 Tropical Plants for Your Outdoor Garden
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Small Trees and Shrubs That Bloom In Fall
Stunning Blue Flowers to Enhance Your Garden’s Beauty
Add a Splash of Color: Perfect Flowering Shrubs for Small Gardens
35 Flowering Shrubs That Thrive in Full Sun
Hardy Hibiscus: How to Plant, Grow and Care
Hardy US Native Hibiscus to Grow
Tropical Hibiscus
Rose of Sharon: How to Grow and Care with Success
Native Plant Alternatives to Hibiscus syriacus (Rose of Sharon)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 7 - 11
Heat Zones 8 - 12
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Malvaceae
Genus Hibiscus
Common names Hibiscus, Confederate Rose
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 6' - 15'
(180cm - 4.6m)
Spread 6' - 10'
(180cm - 3m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Drought, Deer
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Hibiscus
Guides with
Hibiscus
Not sure which Hibiscus to pick?
Compare Now

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