Alphabetical Plant Listing

Trifolium repens (White Clover)

White Clover, Common Clover, Clover Grass, Creeping Clover, Dutch Clover, Gowan, Honey Stalks, Honeysuckle Grass, Lamb's Suckling, Shamrock, Sheep's Gowan


Trifolium repens (White Clover) is a creeping perennial bearing a profusion of rounded heads of creamy white flowers. Blooming from spring to fall, they are borne on long stalks above a lush foliage of rounded, rich green leaves, usually with 3 leaflets (trifoliate), sometime 4 if you are lucky. The leaves often display a white mark in the form of a chevron. Mat-forming, White Clover spreads aggressively by creeping stems. Attractive to bees and butterflies, it is a good forage plant for livestock and is valued for its high protein content. Perfect for prairies and meadows.

  • Grows up to 3-6 in. tall (7-15 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun to part shade in average, medium, well-drained soils.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Virtually pest and disease free.
  • This plant has been found to be weedy and potentially invasive in Midwestern gardens.
  • Native to Europe.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 10
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 3" – 6" (7cm – 15cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Semi-Evergreen
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Koxae Sun, KPG_Payless, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 10
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 3" – 6" (7cm – 15cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Semi-Evergreen
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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