Alphabetical Plant Listing

Sequoia sempervirens (Redwood)

Coast Redwood, Redwood, California Redwood, Coastal Sequoia


The tallest tree in the world, Sequoia sempervirens (Redwood) is a vigorous, densely branched, evergreen conifer of narrow-conical habit adorned with a massive trunk that is flared outward at the base, and a dense conical crown. Young trees have a graceful pyramidal shape with horizontal or drooping branches. As they mature, they begin to lose their lower branches to become tall and straight with a high crown. The flat, bright green needles are soft and arranged in sprays along the stems. The fibrous bark is rich reddish brown and furrowed. The oblong, reddish brown cones are quite small for such a big tree, 1.25 in. long (3 cm). Spectacular with its huge trunk and neat pyramidal shape, this California and Oregon native may take 400 years to reach maturity. It is extremely long-lived (2000 years!). Many trees have been protected in areas such as Redwood National Park, Muir Woods and a number of California State Parks. Sequoia sempervirens and its close relative, Sequoiadendron giganteum (Giant Sequoia), are jointly designated as the State Tree of California. Always fresh-looking, pest-free, Redwoods are magnificent trees that are easy to grow in their native range. Provide plenty of room and adequate moisture throughout the year.

  • Grows up to 60-100 ft. tall (18-30 m) and 15-25 ft. wide (4-8 m). In the wild, Redwood can reach over 350 ft. (105 m). This is one of the fastest growing conifers on earth - about 3 ft. per year (90 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun or light dappled shade in deep, rich, moist, well-drained soils. Tolerant of wet soils but intolerant of dry soils..
  • Virtually pest and disease free.
  • No pruning required.
  • Propagate by seed in containers in a cold frame in spring. Root softwood cuttings in summer or semi-ripe cuttings in late summer
  • Native to moist, foggy, coastal plain areas along the Pacific coast, extending from southern Oregon south to the San Francisco Bay area.

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 9
Heat Zones 8 – 9
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Sequoia - Redwoods
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 60' – 100' (18m – 30m)
Spread 15' – 25' (4.5m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Andreas C. Fischer / Dmitry Naumov / Shutterstock, (c) Gerhard Bock, SucculentsandMore.com

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 9
Heat Zones 8 – 9
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Sequoia - Redwoods
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 60' – 100' (18m – 30m)
Spread 15' – 25' (4.5m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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