Alphabetical Plant Listing

Trifolium incarnatum (Crimson Clover)

Crimean Clover, Crimson Clover, Italian Clover, Napoleons, Scarlet Clover, German Clover, French Clover, Carnation Clover, Incarnate Clover


Trifolium incarnatum (Crimson Clover) is an annual plant producing a densely hairy rosette of upright, usually unbranched stems topped with elongated heads of bright scarlet flowers, up to 2 in. long (5 cm). Blooming from spring to late summer, depending on the climate and region, the blossoms are packed with up to 125 florets that open in succession from the bottom to the top of the flower head. They have a lovely crimson color giving the plant a very distinct and beautiful look. The flowers are generally self-fertile but not self-pollinating, relying instead on bees that visit them for nectar and pollen. They are followed by yellow seeds borne singly in small pods. The trifoliate leaves growing along the stems have heart-shaped leaflets with round-tipped leaves. Crimson Clover is a good forage plant for livestock and is valued for its high protein content. Seeds and flowers are edible. They can be used in salads or sandwiches.

  • Grows up to 12-18 in. tall and wide (30-45 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun in average, medium, well-drained soils. Does not grow well on poorly drained or highly alkaline soils.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Keep an eye out for crown and stem rot as well as sooty blotch (leafspot disease).
  • This plant may become weedy or invasive in some regions or habitats and may displace desirable vegetation if not properly managed. .
  • Native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia Minor.

Buy Trifolium incarnatum (Crimson Clover)

Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Plant Type Annuals
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants


NoraFish, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Plant Type Annuals
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Plant Calculator

How many Trifolium incarnatum (Crimson Clover) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Trifolium incarnatum (Crimson Clover)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.