Alphabetical Plant Listing

Typha laxmannii (Graceful Cattail)

Bulrush, Narrow-Leafed European Cattail, Bullrush, Dwarf Cattail, Graceful Cattail, Typha stenophylla


Typha laxmannii (Graceful Cattail) is a vigorous, marginal aquatic perennial forming a dense clump of narrow, upright, gray-green leaves that grow up to 5 ft. tall (150 cm) in a sword-like shape. The linear foliage turns golden brown in the fall. In summer, the plant bears cylindrical inflorescences composed of tiny male, staminate flowers in the upper portion and female, pistillate flowers below. In this species, the staminate and pistillate flowers are separated by a gap of up to 2 in. (5 cm) of stalk. The male flowers are golden yellow at the time they shed their pollen, then they disintegrate, leaving a naked stalk tip. The densely packed female spike turns from green to rich brown as the seeds mature. The fertilized flowers produce single-seeded, nutlike achenes with long, slender hairs that allow for wind and water transport of the seeds. The fruiting spikes usually persist to early winter before disintegrating. They are widely popular for cut flower arrangements. Graceful Cattail has creeping rhizomes that spread to form dense colonies in shallow water. It provides a favorable habitat for birds and other wildlife. Native Europe and Asia, Graceful Cattail occurs naturally in shallow water in the margins of pools and ponds. Graceful Cattail is aggressive and should not be introduced without thought as to how to control it. Site plants carefully because the roots go deep and are hard to eradicate once established.

  • Grows up to 3-5 ft. tall (90-150 cm) and 18-36 in. wide (45-90 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant thrives in shallow water, 12 in. deep (30 cm). Outside of containers, rhizomes can spread rapidly to form colonies when happy.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Propagate by root division or by seed.
  • Native from Europe through Siberia, the Middle East, the Caucasus, Himalayas in Pakistan, Kazakhstan and Mongolia to the Russian Far East, China and Japan.
  • Find where Typha laxmannii is invasive in the U.S.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 10
Plant Type Aquatic Plants, Perennials
Plant Family Typha - Cattails
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" – 48" (90cm – 120cm)
Water Needs High
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Ponds and Streams, Rain Gardens, Water Gardens

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123rf, MarjanCermelj, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 10
Plant Type Aquatic Plants, Perennials
Plant Family Typha - Cattails
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" – 48" (90cm – 120cm)
Water Needs High
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Ponds and Streams, Rain Gardens, Water Gardens

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