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Gladiolus italicus (Field Gladiolus)

Field Gladiolus, Italian Gladiolus, Common Sword-Lily, Cornfield Gladiolus, Gladiolus segetum

Gladiolus italicus, Field Gladiolus, Italian Gladiolus, Common Sword-Lily, Cornfield Gladiolus
Gladiolus italicus, Field Gladiolus, Italian Gladiolus, Common Sword-Lily, Cornfield Gladiolus

Gladiolus italicus (Field Gladiolus) is an upright, cormous perennial boasting loose spikes of up to 20 pinkish-purple flowers, 2 in. long (5 cm), in late spring to early summer. Each flower is adorned with paler pink markings on the lower petals, and long stamens and styles protruding from the throat. They are borne above slender, sword-shaped, dark green leaves. Distributed across Southern Europe, particularly in the Mediterranean, Field Gladiolus prefers hot, dry conditions in summer once it goes dormant.

  • Grows up to 2-3 ft. tall (60-90 cm) and 4-6 in. wide (10-15 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Provide consistent moisture during the growing season and do not allow the soil to dry out. After flowering, you may reduce watering. In milder areas provide a thick, protective winter mulch.
  • Puts a terrific show in beds and borders when mixed with other perennials or ornamental grasses. Great for cutting too!
  • No serious pest and disease issues. Keep an eye out for gladiolus thrip, aphids, slugs, gray molds, and gladiolus corm rot.
  • Propagate by separating cormlets when dormant.
  • Lift when the foliage dies back, discard old corms and store new corms in a dry frost-free place until planting in the spring.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses.
  • Native to Southern Europe, Asia.

Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Impressive Gladiolus Flowers


Prized for their majestic flower spikes, are popular flower bulbs. Whether used in borders, containers or as cut flowers, Gladiolus (Sword-Lilies) always provide a spectacular effect with their rich and cheerful colors and their breathtaking vertical lines. With very little work needed, they will burst into bloom and add bright notes of summer color to the garden, in your pots or inside your home. However, some basic rules need to be followed to enjoy beautiful and impressive flowers for several months.

Requirements

Hardiness 8 - 10
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Iridaceae
Genus Gladiolus
Common names Gladiolus, Sword-Lily, Common Sword-Lily
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spread 4" - 6"
(10cm - 15cm)
Spacing 6" (15cm)
Depth 6" (15cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Gladiolus (Sword Lily)
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Gladiolus ‘Tricolore’ (Sword Lily)
Gladiolus ‘Volcano’ (Sword Lily)
Gladiolus ‘Charming Lady’ (Sword Lily)
Gladiolus ‘Her Majesty’ (Sword Lily)
Gladiolus tristis (Marsh Afrikaner)
Gladiolus ‘Vista’ (Sword Lily)

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Gladiolus (Sword-Lily)
Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Impressive Gladiolus Flowers
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 8 - 10
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Iridaceae
Genus Gladiolus
Common names Gladiolus, Sword-Lily, Common Sword-Lily
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spread 4" - 6"
(10cm - 15cm)
Spacing 6" (15cm)
Depth 6" (15cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Gladiolus (Sword Lily)
Not sure which Gladiolus (Sword Lily) to pick?
Compare Now

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