Alphabetical Plant Listing

Gladiolus italicus (Field Gladiolus)

Field Gladiolus, Italian Gladiolus, Common Sword-Lily, Cornfield Gladiolus, Gladiolus segetum


Gladiolus italicus (Field Gladiolus) is an upright, cormous perennial boasting loose spikes of up to 20 pinkish-purple flowers, 2 in. long (5 cm), in late spring to early summer. Each flower is adorned with paler pink markings on the lower petals, and long stamens and styles protruding from the throat. They are borne above slender, sword-shaped, dark green leaves. Distributed across southern Europe, particularly in the Mediterranean, Field Gladiolus prefers hot, dry conditions in summer once it goes dormant.

  • Grows up to 2-3 ft. tall (60-90 cm) and 4-6 in. wide (10-15 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Provide consistent moisture during the growing season and do not allow the soil to dry out. After flowering, you may reduce watering. In milder areas a provide a thick, protective winter mulch.
  • Puts a terrific show in beds and borders when mixed with other perennials or ornamental grasses. Great for cutting too!
  • No serious pest and disease issue. Keep an eye out for gladiolus thrip, aphids, slugs, gray moulds and gladiolus corm rot.
  • Propagate by separating cormlets when dormant.
  • Lift when foliage dies back, discard old corms and store new corms in a dry frost-free place until planting in the spring.
  • Native to southern Europe, Asia

Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Impressive Gladiolus

Prized for their majestic flower spikes, Gladiolus (Sword-Lilies) deserve a spot in the garden. Easy to grow, they will burst into bloom and add bright notes of summer color to your beds and borders, pots or in wonderful bouquets inside your home. However, some basic rules need to be followed to enjoy their impressive flowers all summer long.Read More

Not sure which Gladiolus - Sword Lilies to pick?
Compare All Gladiolus - Sword Lilies

Buy Gladiolus italicus (Field Gladiolus)

Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Gladiolus - Sword Lilies
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 4" – 6" (10cm – 15cm)
Spacing 6" (15cm)
Depth 6" (15cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Gladiolus - Sword Lilies

Guides with Gladiolus - Sword Lilies


By Jelena Safronova, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Gladiolus - Sword Lilies
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 4" – 6" (10cm – 15cm)
Spacing 6" (15cm)
Depth 6" (15cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Gladiolus - Sword Lilies

Guides with Gladiolus - Sword Lilies

Plant Calculator

How many Gladiolus italicus (Field Gladiolus) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Gladiolus italicus (Field Gladiolus)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.