Alphabetical Plant Listing

Hymenocallis occidentalis (Northern Spider Lily)

Northern Spider Lily, Hammock Spider Lily, Summer Spider Lily, Woodland Spider Lily, Hymenocallis caroliniana


Hymenocallis occidentalis (Northern Spider Lily) is a bulbous perennial boasting elegant and unusual-looking umbels of 5-10 sweetly fragrant flowers from early summer to early fall. The flowers open up to look like white spiders, each exquisite blossom featuring a central cup and 6 incredibly long, slender, petal-like tepals. They are borne atop leafless stalks that rise from a basal clump of arching, narrow, strap-shaped, glossy green leaves, 18 in. long (45 cm). Native to the southeastern United States, Northern Spider Lily grows naturally in swamps and moist woods. Adding flare and fragrance to moist borders, bog gardens, water gardens or along streams and ponds, Northern Spider Lily is the most cold hardy of the Spider Lily species.

  • Grows up to 18-24 in. tall (45-60 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade in consistently moist to wet soils. Soils must never be allowed to dry out.
  • A good choice for bog gardens, rain gardens, near ponds and streams.
  • Reliable, easy to grow, generally disease and pest free. Keep an eye out for snails, caterpillars and mealy bugs.
  • Plant bulbs 4 in. deep (10 cm) and 6-10 in. apart (15-25 cm).
  • Remove foliage after it turns yellow.
  • Can be grown from divisions or seed.
  • Native to the southeastern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Hymenocallis
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Bog Gardens, Ponds and Streams, Rain Gardens, Water Gardens

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Hymenocallis
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Bog Gardens, Ponds and Streams, Rain Gardens, Water Gardens

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