Alphabetical Plant Listing

Mitella diphylla (Bishop's Cap)

Bishop's Cap, Twoleaf Miterwort, Miterwort, Mitella oppositifolia


Mitella diphylla (Bishop's Cap) is a cute little wildflower boasting elongated clusters of tiny white flowers adorned with 5 delicately fringed petals. Blooming for about a month in mid spring to early summer, the snowflake-like fringed blossoms are widely spaced at the tip of the stem and borne above 2 opposite leaves, 2.5 in. long (6 cm), nearly clasping the stem. The basal leaves are more heart-shaped, often with 5 shallow lobes. All leaves are finely hairy and the basal rosette remains vibrant green throughout the summer and early fall. The flowers develop into unusual cup-like fruits with tiny black seeds nestled inside. They are spread when raindrops hit the cups and splash the seeds out. Bishop's Cap is easy to grow and easy to maintain once it is established. Gracing the garden, this delicate beauty is a lovely woodland spring ephemerals and worth getting down on your knees for a close-up view!

  • Grows up 10-18 in. tall (25-45 cm) and 6-10 in. wide (15-25 cm). The root system can produce charming from rhizomes.
  • Performs best in part shade in organically rich, dry to mesic, well-drained soils. Tolerates heavy shade.
  • A welcomed addition to shady gardens, cottage gardens, woodland gardens, naturalized areas.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Propagate by seed and root or runner division. A light mulch helps retain soil moisture. Seedlings start to bloom the third year.
  • Native to eastern North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 10" – 2' (25cm – 60cm)
Spread 6" – 10" (15cm – 25cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Doug McGrady, Aaron Carlson, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 10" – 2' (25cm – 60cm)
Spread 6" – 10" (15cm – 25cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Mitella diphylla (Bishop's Cap)

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