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Plumeria rubra (Frangipani)

Frangipani, Jasmine Mango, Pagoda Tree, Red Nosegay Tree, Temple Flower, Temple Tree, West Indian Jasmine

AGM Award
Plumeria rubra,Frangipani, Jasmine Mango, Pagoda Tree, Red Nosegay Tree, Temple Flower, Temple Tree, West Indian Jasmine, Red flowers, Pink Flowers, Evergreen Shrubs, Fragrant Shrubs
Euphorbia milii,Crown of Thorns, Christ Plant, Christ Thorn, Red flowers, Drought tolerant perennial, Deer resistant perennial, rabbit resistant perennial

Beloved by so many, Plumeria rubra (Frangipani) is a deciduous shrub or small tree of vase or umbrella shape with fleshy, succulent branches boasting highly fragrant, spiral-shaped, yellow-centered pink to red flowers, 4 in. across (10 cm). Blooming throughout most of the year in tropical areas, the blossoms are borne in terminal clusters at the branch tips. The flowers are sometimes followed by dry, brown, cylindrical, 5 in. long (12 cm) seed follicles containing winged seeds. Leathery, narrowly elliptic, dark green leaves, 8-16 in. (20-40 cm), are spirally arranged and clustered at the stem ends. In areas where temperatures drop below 50ºF (10ºC) during winter, the crown will lose its leaves for a short time, displaying the coarse-textured, stubby branches. Frangipani works well as a freestanding specimen, a patio tree, or as part of a mixed shrub border. The wonderfully scented flowers are often made into leis or worn in the hair. Plumeria ranks as a top choice among tropical flowers for enthusiasts and gardeners.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society for its outstanding qualities
  • Typically grows up to 15-25 ft. tall and wide (450-750 cm)
  • Performs best in full sun in richdry to medium moisture, well-drained soils. Water moderately when in growth but keep almost dry during the winter months. Salt and drought tolerant.
  • Hardy to Zones 10-12, Frangipani is very susceptible to freezing temperatures and may be grown in containers in cooler areas to be brought indoors.
  • Perfect addition to beds and borders, coastal gardens, and Mediterranean gardens. Great in decorative containers.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for rot in soils with poor drainage and glasshouse red spider mite.
  • Propagate by seed sown in containers at 18°C (64F) in spring. Take ripe cuttings of leafless stem tips in early spring. Allow these to dry thoroughly at the base before inserting them into the rooting medium.
  • Native from Mexico to Panama.
  • Plumeria branches exude a milky sap when injured, which can irritate the eyes and cause dermatitis in susceptible individuals. Mildly poisonous, ingesting leaves or flowers can irritate the digestive tract. If your dog eats Plumeria, he may show mild to severe signs of poisoning.

Requirements

Hardiness 10 - 12
Heat Zones 10 - 11
Climate Zones 12, 13, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Apocynaceae
Genus Plumeria
Common names Plumeria, Frangipani
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 15' - 25'
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Spread 15' - 25'
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Mediterranean Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Plumeria rubra ‘Aztec Gold’ (Frangipani)
Plumeria rubra ‘Celadine’ (Frangipani)
Plumeria rubra ‘Intense Rainbow’ (Frangipani)
Plumeria rubra ‘Nebel’s Rainbow’ (Frangipani)
Plumeria rubra ‘Kauka Wilder’ (Frangipani)
Plumeria obtusa (Singapore Plumeria)

Recommended Companion Plants

Senecio mandraliscae (Blue Chalksticks)
Agave ‘Blue Glow’

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

40 Tropical Plants for Your Outdoor Garden
30 Tropical Flowers for Your Garden or as House Plants
Plumeria: How To Grow and Care with Success
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 10 - 12
Heat Zones 10 - 11
Climate Zones 12, 13, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Apocynaceae
Genus Plumeria
Common names Plumeria, Frangipani
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 15' - 25'
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Spread 15' - 25'
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Mediterranean Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Plumeria (Frangipani) to pick?
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