Alphabetical Plant Listing

Populus tremula (European Aspen)

Aspen, European Aspen, Asp, Haps Tree, Quaking Aspen, Trembling Tree


Populus tremula (European Aspen) is a large deciduous tree adorned with a broad crown boasting rounded, coarsely toothed leaves, up to 3 in. long (7 cm). Emerging copper-bronze, they mature to gray-green before turning brilliant yellow in the fall. They flutter and tremble in the slightest breeze, constantly moving and rustling, so that trees can often be heard but not seen. In mid spring, before the leaves emerge, small male and female flowers appear in separate catkins on separate male and female trees. The female flowers give way to small drooping fruiting clusters. The bark is smooth and silvery gray first later fissured with diamond-shaped pores (lenticels). A beautiful tree for cool summer climates.

  • Grows up to 30-70 ft. tall (9-21 m) and 10-30 ft. wide (3-9 m). This tree suckers profusely.
  • A full sun lover, this plant is easily grown in rich, humusy, fertile, consistently moist but well-drained soils. Avoid planting near buildings due to the vigorous root system.
  • This beautiful tree may be subject to willow leaf beetle, caterpillars, bacterial canker, a rust, honey fungus and silver leaf disease.
  • Propagate from hardwood cuttings in winter or suckers in autumn or late winter.
  • Native from northwestern Europe to northern Africa, Siberia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Populus - Poplars
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 70' (9m – 21m)
Spread 10' – 30' (3m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Francois Roux, Heller Joachim, Vladimir Sotnichenko, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Populus - Poplars
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 70' (9m – 21m)
Spread 10' – 30' (3m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Populus - Poplars

Guides with Populus - Poplars

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