Alphabetical Plant Listing

Populus nigra 'Italica' (Lombardy Poplar)

Lombardy Poplar, Italian Poplar, Lady Poplar


Tall and statuesque, Populus nigra 'Italica' (Lombardy Poplar) is a large, vigorous, narrowly columnar deciduous tree with exceedingly upright-reaching branches. This male selection of the European native Populus nigra is believed to have originated in Italy in the late 1600s. Its foliage of bright green ovate leaves, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), turns brilliant yellow in fall. In early-mid spring, crimson male catkins appear before the leaves emerge. The gray-green bark on young trees becomes black, thickened, and furrowed on older, larger trunks. Best used for windbreaks, screens or along country driveways.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 40-50 ft. tall (12-15 m) and 10-15 ft. wide (3-5 m). Fast growing (3 ft. per year or 90 cm), this tree is short lived (20 years) and suckers profusely.
  • A full sun lover, this plant is easily grown in rich, humusy, fertile, consistently moist but well-drained soils. Avoid planting near buildings due to the vigorous root system.
  • This beautiful tree may be subject to willow leaf beetle, caterpillars, bacterial canker, a rust, honey fungus and silver leaf disease. While canker is a devastating issue, especially in hot and humid climates in the US, it does not seem to be the case in Europe where huge trees are fairly common in the countryside.
  • Take hardwood cuttings in winter. Remove suckers in autumn or late winter.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Populus - Poplars
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 40' – 50' (12m – 15m)
Spread 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage

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Jordi Roy, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Populus - Poplars
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 40' – 50' (12m – 15m)
Spread 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Populus - Poplars

Guides with Populus - Poplars

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Populus nigra 'Italica' (Lombardy Poplar)

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