Alphabetical Plant Listing

Rhamnus ilicifolia (Hollyleaf Redberry)

Hollyleaf Redberry, Rhamnus crocea ssp. ilicifolia, Rhamnus crocea var. ilicifolia


Native to the western United States, Rhamnus ilicifolia (Hollyleaf Redberry) is a dense evergreen shrub with roundish, holly-like, dark green leaves. Clusters of inconspicuous, small yellow-green flowers are produced in spring. They attract bees, moths, butterflies and other pollinators. The blossoms are followed by copious berries loved by birds and other wildlife. The berries turn from lime green to red and then to black as they mature. A most beautiful western native that is easy to grow, drought tolerant, and easy to maintain. It is useful for erosion control on dry steep hillsides. It also makes a lovely hedge as it tolerates pruning well. The dense foliage makes it a good plant for foundation plantings or as a background shrub.

  • Grows up to 10-15 ft. high (300-450 cm) and 7-10 ft. wide (210-300 cm). Slow growing, this plant adds 12-24 in. per year (30-60 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in a wide variety of soil types, but prefers rocky well drained soil. Water maximum once per month in summer until the plant is established. Drought tolerant.
  • Perfect for banks and slopes (erosion control), as a specimen or accent plant or as an hedge.
  • Subject to few pests and diseases.
  • Can be pruned to control size or shape.
  • Propagation by seed. Fresh seeds need no treatment. Stored seeds need 2.5-3 mos. stratification.
  • Native to the western United States, including Arizona, California, Nevada and Oregon.

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 10
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Spread 7' – 10' (210cm – 3m)
Spacing 84" – 120" (210cm – 300cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

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Cultivar413, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 10
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Spread 7' – 10' (210cm – 3m)
Spacing 84" – 120" (210cm – 300cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

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