Native Plants / Australia
Australia Native Plants
A plant is considered native if it has occurred naturally in a particular region or ecosystem without human introduction. There are many benefits in growing native plants. First, these plants are better adapted to soils, moisture and weather than exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the world. They need less fertilizers, pesticides or use less water. Second, they are unlikely to escape and become invasive, destroying natural habitat. Third, they support wildlife, providing shelter and food for native birds and insects, while exotic plants do not.
Fast-growing, Acacia baileyana (Cootamundra Wattle) is a large, graceful evergreen shrub or small tree adorned with a wide-spreading canopy and weeping branches clothed in feathery, finely cut, blue-gray leaves. The foliage remains appealing all year round. In late winter to early spring, clouds of bright golden-yellow, small, rounded flowers held in axillary racemes cover the branches
Acacia cultriformis (Knife Acacia) is a small, multi-stemmed, evergreen tree of rounded to vase-shaped habit adorned with silvery-gray leaves shaped like paring knife blades. The foliage remains lovely all year round. In spring, masses of scented, fluffy, yellow flowers cover the branches and create a striking floral display. Relatively long-lived (50 years), Knife Acacia makes a dramatic focal point.
Fast-growing, Acacia dealbata (Silver Wattle) is an evergreen shrub or small tree of loose and architectural habit with a high canopy of finely divided blue-green to silver gray leaves, 3-5 in. long (7-12 cm). The foliage remains appealing all year round. In late winter to early spring, clouds of fragrant, ball-shaped, fluffy yellow flowers held in large racemes appear on the branch tips.
Fast-growing, Acacia podalyriifolia (Pearl Acacia) is a large evergreen shrub or small tree adorned with silvery-gray round leaves that are satiny to the touch. The foliage remains lovely all year round. In late winter to early spring, masses of scented, fluffy, pale yellow flowers cover the branches and create a striking floral display.
Fast-growing, Acacia retinodes (Swamp Wattle) is a large spreading evergreen shrub or small tree of oval or rounded habit with narrowly lance-shaped, gray-green to light green leaves. Blooming intermittently through the year, clouds of bright lemon-yellow, small, rounded flowers held in short axillary racemes cover the branches and create a striking floral display. The blossoms attract nectar feeding birds and butterflies.
A striking beauty with its dramatic, gigantic leaves, Alocasia macrorrhiza (Giant Taro) is a rhizomatous evergreen perennial which is excellent for bringing a lush look to gardens. Resembling the ears of an elephant, thick, prominently-veined, ruffled, green leaves are borne on rigid stalks (petioles) which jut vertically from a stout upright trunk.
Native to Australia, Anigozanthos (Kangaroo Paw) are tufted evergreen rhizomatous perennials with vibrant flower colors atop fans of narrowly strap-shaped leaves. Borne on leafless flowering stalks, the remarkable flowers are clustered at the ends of the stalks. Tubular, they are covered with velvety hairs and have pointed lobes, which are curved at their tips, giving them the appearance of kangaroo paws
Native to Australia, Anigozanthos flavidus (Kangaroo Paw) is an evergreen rhizomatous perennial with interesting flower shapes atop fans of slender, strap-shaped leaves. Borne on long, leafless flowering stalks, the remarkable flowers, are usually yellow-green, but can be orange, red, pink or green.
Asplenium nidus (Bird's Nest Fern) is an evergreen fern forming a remarkable rosette of broadly lance-shaped, glossy, bright green fronds adorned with contrasting dark midribs and wavy margins. Unusual for a fern, the fronds are undivided, giving the plant a substantial appearance.
Callistemon citrinus (Crimson Bottlebrush) is an evergreen shrub with arching branches clothed with lance-shaped leaves that emerge coppery before maturing to gray-green. The leaves release a lemony scent when bruised. Bright crimson bottlebrush-like flower spikes, 4 in. long (10 cm) bloom intermittently throughout the year in frost free areas.
Award-winning Callistemon linearis (Narrow-Leaved Bottlebrush) is a bushy, small to medium-sized, evergreen shrub with linear leaves, 4 in. long (10 cm), that are aromatic when crushed. Bright red bottlebrush-like flower spikes, 5 in. long (12 cm) bloom from late spring to early fall, providing a lovely display.
Callistemon pallidus (Lemon Bottlebrush) is an upright evergreen shrub adorned with a profusion of slender spreading branches clothed with narrowly-elliptic, gray-green leaves, 4 in. long (10 cm), which emerge pink-tinged and attractively covered with dense silky hairs.
Callistemon rigidus (Stiff Bottlebrush) is a bushy, upright, evergreen shrub with slightly arching branches clothed with long, narrow, sharply pointed, dark green leaves, 6 in. long (15 cm). The leaves are fragrant when bruised. Dense spikes of bright deep red flowers, 4 in. long (10 cm) bloom in late spring and early summer.
Award-winning Callistemon salignus (White Bottlebrush) is an upright evergreen shrub or small tree adorned with a dense foliage of willow-like leaves, 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm), which emerge bright pink to copper. The plant is covered with dense spikes of creamy-yellow flowers that resemble bottlebrushes in late spring and early summer. The blooms are a copious source of nectar for birds and hummingbirds.