Alphabetical Plant Listing

Aquilegia viridiflora (Green Columbine)

Green-Flowered Columbine, Green Columbine


Aquilegia viridiflora (Green Columbine) is a compact perennial boasting small, sweetly fragrant flowers with purple-flushed, pale green sepals, deep purple petals and short straight spurs. The flowers rise in clusters of 3-7 blossoms above the lovely foliage mound of lobed, divided, blue-green leaves. The foliage remains handsome throughout summer, provided the soil is kept moist. Blooming in late spring to early summer, this perennial is generally short-lived but may self-seed in the landscape in satisfactory growing conditions.

  • Grows in a bushy, upright clump, up to 8-20 in. tall (20-50 cm) and 8-12 in. wide (20-30 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade, in fertile, moist, but well-drained soils. Intolerant of dry soils. Prefers deep, rich, moist soils with light to moderate shade.
  • Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, but is ignored by rabbits and deer!
  • Easy to grow, this plant is a welcomed addition to beds and borders, city gardens, cottage gardens, underplanting shrubs and roses or naturalized areas.
  • Subject to fungal diseases, borers, leaf miners, and aphids.
  • Remove flowering stems after bloom to promote new blooms.
  • Cut back foliage affected by fungal diseases.
  • Propagate by seed sown in pots in a cold frame as soon as seed is ripe or in spring. It can also be propagated by division in spring but the plant will be slow to recover.
  • Native to China, Japan and Russia.

Aquilegia is a genus of clump-forming, short-lived perennials noted for their late spring to midsummer blooms of single or double, short-spurred or spurless flowers, in a variety of colors ranging from blue to violet to white to pink to red. A classic element of herbaceous borders, Columbines mix beautifully with peonies, irises, alliums and roses.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Aquilegia
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 8" – 2' (20cm – 60cm)
Spread 8" – 1' (20cm – 30cm)
Spacing 8" – 12" (20cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

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Jian Tianmu, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Aquilegia
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 8" – 2' (20cm – 60cm)
Spread 8" – 1' (20cm – 30cm)
Spacing 8" – 12" (20cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Aquilegia

Guides with Aquilegia

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