Alphabetical Plant Listing

Balsamorhiza sagittata (Arrowleaf Balsamroot)

Arrowleaf Balsamroot, Arrow-leaf Balsamroot, Breadroot, Oregon Sunflower, Spring Sunflower, Bupthalmium sagittatum


Balsamorhiza sagittata (Arrowleaf Balsamroot) is a long-lived perennial forming a basal rosette of arrowhead-shaped, silvery white to green leaves, 2-18 in. long (5-45 cm). In late spring to mid summer, several flower stems, clad with smaller and linear to elliptic leaves, arise from the root crown. They bear solitary sunflower-like flowers, each blossom with 8-25 strap-shaped ray flowers, 1-2 in. long (2-5 cm), surrounding a center disk. The blossoms are particularly attractive to pollinators and the seeds are eaten by birds and rodents. Arrowleaf Balsamroot is also regarded as desired forage for cattle, sheep, elk, and pronghorn in spring and summer. Arrowleaf Balsamroot has a large and deep taproot, reaching 8 ft. in length (240 cm). Because of the deep taproot, it tolerates fire, grazing, trampling and drought. Arrowleaf Balsamroot will spread under favorable conditions without becoming invasive. It is perfect for adding long-lasting summer color in naturalized areas and is commonly used in restoration projects. Arrowleaf Balsamroot was widely used as a medicinal plant by various native North American Indian tribes to treat a range of complaints, including body aches, blisters, sores, insect bites, bruises and wounds, fevers, whooping cough, and tuberculosis.

  • Typically grows up to 1-2 ft. tall (30-60 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in silty to loamy, acidic to neutral, dry to moist,& well-drained soils. Tolerates partial shade. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Low maintenance, this is an excellent choice for cottage gardens, bird or butterfly gardens, wildflower gardens, restoration projects.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Plants are intolerant of root disturbance and strongly resent winter wet.
  • Propagate by seed. Seeds require stratification for germination.
  • Native to western North America from Alberta and British Columbia, east to the Dakotas and south to Colorado and Arizona.

Buy Balsamorhiza sagittata (Arrowleaf Balsamroot)

Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, North Dakota, South Dakota, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants


By By Robert Mutch / Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, North Dakota, South Dakota, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Plant Calculator

How many Balsamorhiza sagittata (Arrowleaf Balsamroot) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Balsamorhiza sagittata (Arrowleaf Balsamroot)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.