Alphabetical Plant Listing

Artemisia tridentata (Big Sagebrush)

Big Sagebrush, Great Basin Sagebrush, Common Sagebrush, Blue Sagebrush, Mountain Sagebrush


Artemisia tridentata (Big Sagebrush) is an evergreen shrub or small tree with gnarled branches clothed with highly aromatic, small, silky, silvery leaves, usually tipped with 3 teeth. The foliage emits sweet, pungent aroma when bruised. Tiny, yellow-green flowers appear in late summer, but they are quite inconspicuous. Big Sagebrush tends to develop a short, twisted trunk with age, becoming quite picturesque in the landscape. Native of the Great Basin region of the West, Big Sagebrush is a valuable forage plant for wildlife, particularly during the winter. In the landscape, it adds texture, light and contrast and offsets colorful plants.

  • Grows up to 3-15 ft. tall (90-450 cm) and 3-10 ft. wide (90-300 cm).
  • Thrives in dry, rocky soils in full sun. Once established it will want little or no irrigation in the summer. Extremely drought tolerant and is susceptible to root rot if the soil is too wet.
  • Excellent for banks and slopes (erosion control), as a groundcover or hedge.
  • Generally pest and disease free. Deer resistant.
  • Periodic pruning to remove old stems rejuvenates the plant.
  • Propagate by stratified seeds or cuttings.
  • Native to the western United States and Canada.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Artemisia
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' – 15' (90cm – 4.5m)
Spread 3' – 10' (90cm – 3m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Northeast, Massachusetts, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

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Matt Lanvin, Andrey Zharkikh (Flickr)

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Artemisia
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' – 15' (90cm – 4.5m)
Spread 3' – 10' (90cm – 3m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Northeast, Massachusetts, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Artemisia

Guides with Artemisia

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