Alphabetical Plant Listing

Castanea sativa (European Chestnut)

European Chestnut, Sweet Chestnut, Spanish Chestnut, Common Chestnut, Eurasian Chestnut, Sardian Nut


Castanea sativa (European Chestnut) is a large vigorous deciduous tree of pyramidal-rounded to broad-columnar habit with a large trunk, up to 7 ft. (210 cm) and a canopy of glossy, serrate, oblong-lanceolate leaves, 6-10 in. long (15-25 cm). They turn brilliant golden yellow in the fall. In early to midsummer, clusters of yellow-green catkins are on display. The female flowers give way to prickly husks, each containing 3-7 brownish nuts which fall from the tree in the fall. These are the excellent nuts sold in markets. European Chestnut is resistant to oak root fungus but is not as resistant to chestnut blight as the Chinese Chestnut (Castanea mollissima). A beautiful specimen shade tree for lawns. Keep in mind that the falling chestnuts may pose a litter problem if not harvested.

  • Grows up to 80-100 ft. tall (24-30 m) and 30-50 ft. wide (9-15 m).
  • Performs best in moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Generally pest free. Keep an eye out for chestnut blight, leaf spot, anthracnose and twig and stem cankers. Deer resistant.
  • Propagate by seed or grafting
  • Native to Western Asia, southeastern Europe.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 7
Heat Zones 5 – 7
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Castanea - Chestnuts
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 80' – 100' (24m – 30m)
Spread 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance High
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Coulanges, Ermess, Paolo Seimandi, Andres MC, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 7
Heat Zones 5 – 7
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Castanea - Chestnuts
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 80' – 100' (24m – 30m)
Spread 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance High
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Castanea - Chestnuts

Guides with Castanea - Chestnuts

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