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Castanea pumila (Dwarf Chestnut)

Allegheny Chinquapin, Chinkapin, American Chinquapin, Dwarf Chestnut, Coastal Chinquapin, Ozark Chinquapin

Castanea pumila, Allegheny Chinquapin, Chinkapin, American Chinquapin, Dwarf Chestnut, White Flowers, Chestnut

Castanea pumila (Dwarf Chestnut) is a large thicket-forming shrub or small tree with spreading lower branches and ascending upper branches. The alternate, oblong, finely serrated leaves, 3-5 in. long (7-12 cm), are glossy green above and silvery tomentose underneath. Prominently veined, they turn yellow to golden brown in the fall. In spring to early summer, showy but strong-smelling, creamy-white flowers appear in catkins. They give way to edible chestnuts encased in spiny dehiscent burs, 1.5 in. across (3 cm). The nuts have a sweet flavor and are considered better tasting than those of the American chestnut (Castanea dentata). They were a favorite of indigenous people and are also eaten by many birds and mammals, including squirrels, chipmunks, opossums, white-tailed deer, bluejays, pileated woodpeckers, and red-headed woodpeckers. A beautiful specimen shade tree for lawns or to provide food for yourself and wildlife. Remember that falling chestnuts may pose a litter problem if not harvested.

  • Grows up to 15-30 ft. tall (4-9 m) and 10-20 ft. wide (3-6 m).
  • Performs best in dry, rocky, sandy, or loamyacidic to neutral, well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade. Drought tolerant once established. Tolerant of summer heat.
  • Generally pest-free. Watch for chestnut blight, leaf spot, anthracnose, twig and stem cankers.
  • Propagate by seed. Germination of seeds requires fall sowing or stratification.
  • Native to the eastern and central United States.

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Fagaceae
Genus Castanea
Common names Chestnut
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 15' - 30'
(4.6m - 9.1m)
Spread 10' - 20'
(3m - 6.1m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Indiana, Midwest, Missouri, Ohio, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Castanea mollissima (Chinese Chestnut)
Castanea sativa (European Chestnut)

Recommended Companion Plants

Pinus palustris (Longleaf Pine)
Quercus stellata (Post Oak)
Oxydendrum arboreum (Sourwood)
Andropogon ternarius (Splitbeard Bluestem)
Yucca filamentosa (Adam’s Needle)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Fagaceae
Genus Castanea
Common names Chestnut
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 15' - 30'
(4.6m - 9.1m)
Spread 10' - 20'
(3m - 6.1m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Indiana, Midwest, Missouri, Ohio, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Castanea (Chestnut) to pick?
Compare Now

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