Alphabetical Plant Listing

Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Common Spotted Orchid)

Common Spotted Orchid, Orchis fuchsii


Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Common Spotted Orchid) is a tuberous terrestrial orchid boasting showy spikes crowded with up to 20-70 purple, pink or white flowers. The petals are decorated with beautiful patterns of dark-red dots, dashes and loops. Blooming from late spring to early summer, the blossoms are borne atop erect, pale green stems, flushed purple towards the top. The lance-shaped green leaves are usually profusely marked with dark spots and blotches. Widespread and abundant throughout temperate Europe, as far east as Siberia, Common Spotted Orchid is tolerant of a wide range of conditions from the driest chalk grassland to marshes and from full sun to shade. It is ideal for a rock or woodland garden, in a wildflower meadow and looks superb when planted among wildflowers or in informal borders.

  • Grows up to 8-24 in. tall (20-60 cm) and 6-8 in. wide (15-20 cm).
  • Performs best in part shade in moist, humus-rich, acidic, well-drained soils. Will tolerate full sun if soil is kept moist.
  • A charming addition to beds and borders, rock gardens, cottage gardens or prairies and meadows.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Deadhead flowers as they fade if required.
  • Propagate by division in early spring.
  • Native to Europe, with the range extending eastward into Siberia, Mongolia and Xinjiang.

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Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 8
Plant Type Orchids, Perennials
Plant Family Dactylorhiza - Marsh Orchids
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 8" – 2' (20cm – 60cm)
Spread 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Spacing 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Guides with Dactylorhiza - Marsh Orchids


Andrew Fletcher, Ana del Castillo, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 8
Plant Type Orchids, Perennials
Plant Family Dactylorhiza - Marsh Orchids
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 8" – 2' (20cm – 60cm)
Spread 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Spacing 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Dactylorhiza - Marsh Orchids

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