Alphabetical Plant Listing

Dactylorhiza maculata (Heath Spotted Orchid)

Adam-and-Eve, Heath Spotted Orchid, Moorland Spotted Orchid, Orchis maculata, Orchis maculata var. leucantha


Dactylorhiza maculata (Heath Spotted Orchid) is a tuberous terrestrial orchid boasting showy spikes, 2-4 in. long (5-10 cm), crowded with white, pink, pale purple or purplish red flowers. The petals are decorated with beautiful patterns of dark streaks and spots. Blooming from mid spring to late summer, the blossoms are borne atop erect, glabrous and cylindrical stems. The lance-shaped, mid-green leaves may display brown or purple spots on the surface, hence the species name. Found in mountainous regions across much of Europe, Heath Spotted Orchid prefers sunny places on lowlands or hills, slightly damp meadows, but also in the undergrowth of dry forests, in areas with bushes and at the edges of streams. It is ideal for a rock or woodland garden, in a wildflower meadow and looks superb when planted among grasses or in informal borders.

  • Grows up to 24 in. tall (60 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm).
  • Performs best in part shade in moist, humus-rich, acidic, well-drained soils. Will tolerate full sun if soil is kept moist.
  • A charming addition to beds and borders, rock gardens, cottage gardens or prairies and meadows.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Deadhead flowers as they fade if required.
  • Propagate by division in early spring.
  • Dactylorhiza maculata is widespread in mountainous regions across much of Europe from Portugal and Iceland east to Russia. It is also found in Algeria, Morocco, and western Siberia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Plant Type Orchids, Perennials
Plant Family Dactylorhiza - Marsh Orchids
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United Kingdom
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Jordi Jornet, ImageBroker.com, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Plant Type Orchids, Perennials
Plant Family Dactylorhiza - Marsh Orchids
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United Kingdom
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Dactylorhiza - Marsh Orchids

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