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Plant Types / Orchids


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Orchids

Orchids are wonderful and fascinating. They belong to a diverse plant family (Orchidaceae) that includes more than 700 genera and some 28,000 individual species. Blooming in almost every color, orchids are prized for their showy and sweet-smelling flowers. Many are commonly used as houseplants while charming hardy orchids thrive in the garden. Orchids may have a reputation of being difficult to care for, however, certain types or orchids are fairly easy to grow. Whether you grow your orchid on your windowsill, or under lights in your basement, or outdoors, or in a greenhouse, its incomparable beauty brings a way to escape from the stresses of everyday living.

Orchids Guides


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Bletilla formosana (Taiwan Ground Orchid)

Bletilla formosana (Taiwan Ground Orchid) is a deciduous terrestrial perennial orchids with arching, linear green leaves, and loose spikes of up to 6 nodding pale-pink or white flowers with lips marked with deep yellow and red spots. Blooming in late spring to early summer, the blossoms are borne on wiry stems above the foliage. Arising from pseudobulbs, the foliage remains fresh-looking during the entire growing season before fading and disappearing in the fall.

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Bletilla striata 'Alba' (Chinese Ground Orchid)

Unlike many orchids, Bletilla striata 'Alba' (Chinese Ground Orchid) is an easy-to-care-for hardy terrestrial orchid. It produces small, cattleya-like, pure white flowers, 1 in. (2.5 cm). Borne in elegant racemes of 5-10 blossoms, they rise artfully above the foliage. Each exotic-looking flower has five spreading petals with an undulating, furrowed lower lip. Blooming for about 4-6 weeks in early to mid summer, the flowers open from the bottom of the raceme and progress to the top.

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Bletilla striata 'Big Bob' (Chinese Ground Orchid)

Unlike many orchids, Bletilla striata 'Bib Bob' (Chinese Ground Orchid) is an easy-to-care-for hardy terrestrial orchid. It produces small, cattleya-like, rose-lavender flowers, 2 in. (5 cm), adorned with dark lavender highlights. Borne in elegant racemes of up to 20 orchids, they rise artfully above the foliage. Each exotic-looking flower has five spreading petals with an undulating, furrowed lower lip. Blooming for about 4-6 weeks in late spring to early summer, the flowers open from the bottom of the raceme and progress to the top.

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Bletilla striata 'Kuchibeni' (Chinese Ground Orchid)

Unlike many orchids, Bletilla striata 'Kuchibeni' (Chinese Ground Orchid) is an easy-to-care-for hardy terrestrial orchid. It produces small, cattleya-like, soft pink to white flowers with a marked pink flush around the lip. Borne in elegant racemes, they rise artfully above the foliage. Each exotic-looking flower has five spreading petals with an undulating, furrowed lower lip. Blooming for about 4-6 weeks in early to mid summer, the flowers open from the bottom of the raceme and progress to the top.

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Bletilla striata 'Shi-Ran' (Chinese Ground Orchid)

Unlike many orchids, Bletilla striata 'Shi-Ran' (Chinese Ground Orchid) is an easy-to-care-for hardy terrestrial orchid. It produces small, cattleya-like, purple-pink flowers, 2 in. (5 cm). Borne in elegant racemes of up to 7 orchids, they rise artfully above the foliage. Each exotic-looking flower has five spreading petals with an undulating, furrowed lower lip. Blooming for about 4-6 weeks in late spring to early summer, the flowers open from the bottom of the raceme and progress to the top.

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Bletilla striata (Chinese Ground Orchid)

Unlike many orchids, award-winning Bletilla striata (Chinese Ground Orchid) is an easy-to-care-for hardy terrestrial orchid. It produces small, cattleya-like, pinkish-purple flowers, 2 in. wide (5 cm), in pretty racemes of up to 12 blooms. Rising artfully above the foliage, each exotic-looking flower has five spreading petals with an undulating, furrowed lower lip. Blooming for about 4-6 weeks in early to mid summer, the flowers open from the bottom of the raceme and progress to the top.

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Calanthe 'Takane' (Hardy Orchid)

Calanthe 'Katane' (Hardy Orchid) is a terrestrial orchid with charming spires of flowers in shades of yellow, cream and soft apricot. Blooming in mid to late spring, they are borne on erect stems above the foliage of 2-3 heavily pleated, oblong, evergreen leaves. The foliage usually survives all but the coldest winters within its growing range. Katane is a vigorous hardy hybrid between C. sieboldii and C. discolor.

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Calanthe discolor (Japanese Hardy Orchid)

Calanthe discolor (Japanese Hardy Orchid) is a terrestrial orchid with ravishing sprays of up to 10 tiny mahogany and white flowers, variably-flushed with green or pale pink. Blooming in mid to late spring, they are borne on 10 in. stems (25 cm) above the foliage of 2-3 heavily pleated, oblong, evergreen or semi-evergreen leaves, up to 12 in. long (30 cm). The foliage usually survives all but the coldest winters within its growing range.

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Calanthe reflexa (Hardy Calanthe Orchid)

Blooming when other species are becoming dormant, Calanthe reflexa (Hardy Calanthe Orchid) is a terrestrial orchid forming small clumps with 4 or 5 flowering stems bearing up to 25 scented flowers. Blooming in succession in mid summer to early fall, the delicate blossoms feature pale lilac petals set around an elongated purple-violet lip. They are borne on a long unbranched flower spike above the foliage of long pleated, evergreen leaves.

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Calanthe sieboldii (Japanese Hardy Orchid)

Calanthe sieboldii (Japanese Hardy Orchid) is a terrestrial orchid with bold and showy spires of brilliant yellow flowers, sometimes flushed brown. Blooming in mid to late spring, they are borne on erect stems above the foliage of 2-3 heavily pleated, oblong, evergreen leaves. The foliage usually survives all but the coldest winters within its growing range.

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Calanthe tricarinata (Hardy Calanthe Orchid)

Calanthe tricarinata (Hardy Calanthe Orchid) is an evergreen to semi-evergreen terrestrial orchid boasting racemes of with exquisite nodding flowers adorned with yellow-green tepals and reddish-brown lower lips. Blooming in late winter to early spring, they are borne on erect stems above the foliage of elliptic to lance-shaped, ribbed, mid-green leaves. The foliage is evergreen in milder climates.

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Calopogon tuberosus (Grass Pink)

Calopogon tuberosus (Grass Pink) is a delicate, sweetly fragrant orchid boasting graceful, willowy stems bearing several long-lasting flowers, 2 in. across (5 cm), opening in sequence in spring and summer.

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Cypripedium acaule (Pink Lady's Slipper Orchid)

Long-lived (up to 20 years), Cypripedium acaule (Pink Lady's Slipper) is a hardy orchid boasting deep rose, light pink or white flowers with darker pink venation, 2 in. across (5 cm). They feature an inflated pouch backed by lance-shaped, greenish brown sepals and petals that spread out. Blooming from mid spring to mid summer (depending on geographic locations), the sophisticated flowers are borne singly at the top of erect leafless stalks.

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Cypripedium Emil gx (Lady's Slipper Orchid)

Easy to grow, Cypripedium Emil (Lady's Slipper Orchid) is a vigorous hardy orchid noted for its intensely colored flowers. Blooming in late spring, the ravishing blossoms feature a bright yellow pouch surrounded by dark burgundy, twisted sepals. The sophisticated flowers are borne on upright stems above the foliage of oval, prominently veined leaves.

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Cypripedium formosanum (Formosan Lady's Slipper Orchid)

Cypripedium formosanum (Formosan Lady's Slipper Orchid) is a small, hardy orchid boasting two broad fan-like, pleated leaves that grow opposed to each other at the center of a smooth single stem. The slender, glabrous stem produces a white flower, 2.5 in. across (6-7 cm), with broad petals and an inflated, puffy pouch. The slipper-shaped flowers are spotted and mottled with light to dark pink.

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