Create Your Garden

Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion Spurge)

Cushion Spurge, Many-Colored Spurge, Euphorbia Epithymoides

AGM Award
Euphorbia Polychroma, Cushion Spurge,  Many-Colored Spurge, Euphorbia Epithymoides, Yellow flowers, Drought tolerant perennial, Deer resistant perennial, rabbit resistant perennial
Euphorbia Polychroma, Cushion Spurge,  Many-Colored Spurge, Euphorbia Epithymoides, Yellow flowers, Drought tolerant perennial, Deer resistant perennial, rabbit resistant perennial
Euphorbia Polychroma, Cushion Spurge,  Many-Colored Spurge, Euphorbia Epithymoides, Yellow flowers, Drought tolerant perennial, Deer resistant perennial, rabbit resistant perennial
Euphorbia Polychroma, Cushion Spurge,  Many-Colored Spurge, Euphorbia Epithymoides, Yellow flowers, Drought tolerant perennial, Deer resistant perennial, rabbit resistant perennial

Long-lived and incredibly showy, Euphorbia Polychroma, commonly called Cushion Spurge, is a mounding, clump-forming perennial considered one of the best for borders. Growing in an attractive dome (or cushion), it bears dense, flattened golden-yellow flowers in spring, and is one of the few perennials to display a showy fall foliage. Its erect, sturdy stems bear cymes of inconspicuous greenish flowers in mid-spring. Although the flowers are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulfur-yellow bracts which are exceptionally eye-catching. The foliage of medium green leaves turns to a showy red, purple, or orange in fall, providing a long season of interest.

  • Typically grows up to 12-18 in. tall and wide (30-45 cm)
  • Won the prestigious Award of Garden Merit by the Royal Horticultural Society (1993)
  • Remaining attractive during all its growing season, this remarkable plant is resilient to most pests and diseases, is drought, deer & rabbit tolerant and is easy to care for.
  • A full sun lover (tolerates light shade), it thrives in dry, well-drained soils. Poor soils, including rock or sandy ones, are welcomed!
  • Perfect addition to beds, borders, containers, cottage gardens, or Mediterranean Gardens
  • Main varieties are Euphorbia ‘Bonfire’ – 10 in. tall (25 cm) with leaves emerging green but quickly turning burgundy contrasting with the bright yellow bracts in spring; Euphorbia ‘Candy’ (‘Purpurea’) – 12-18 in. tall (30-45 cm) with purple stems and purplish leaves and pale yellow flower heads; Euphorbia ‘Emerald Jade’ – 12 in. tall (30 cm) with showy bright green floral bracts and fall foliage.
  • Propagates by seed, cuttings, division, or separation. Self-seeds freely if not deadheaded. Remove spent flowers or cut the plants back by a third to prevent any undesired self-seeding and promote bushy growth. Divide in spring. Doesn’t like to be disturbed.
  • All parts of the plant are highly toxic if ingested. The milky sap may irritate the skin and eyes.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 8
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Euphorbiaceae
Genus Euphorbia
Common names Spurge, Cushion Spurge, Euphorbia
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 18" - 24"
(50cm - 60cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Rabbit, Rocky Soil
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Euphorbia (Spurge)
Guides with
Euphorbia (Spurge)
Not sure which Euphorbia (Spurge) to pick?
Compare Now

Alternative Plants to Consider

Euphorbia obesa (Baseball Plant)
Euphorbia resinifera (Resin Spurge)
Euphorbia mammillaris (Corncob Cactus)
Euphorbia xanti (Baja Spurge)
Euphorbia ceratocarpa (Sicily Spurge)
Euphorbia corollata (Flowering Spurge)

Recommended Companion Plants

Tulipa ‘Prinses Irene’ (Triumph Tulip)
Tanacetum parthenium (Feverfew)
Centranthus ruber (Red Valerian)
Myosotis sylvatica (Wood Forget-Me-Not)
Tulipa ‘Dyanito’ (Lily-Flowered Tulip)
Tulipa ‘Spring Green’ (Viridiflora Tulip)
Hakonechloa macra (Hakone Grass)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

An Eye-Catching Border Idea with colorful Allium and Euphorbia
An Exquisite Spring Border Idea with Sawara Cypress, Tulips and Muscari
An Exquisite Border Idea with Tulip ‘Spring Green’ and Cushion Spurge
Jacqueline Van der Kloet’s Tea garden
Native Plant Alternatives to Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress Spurge)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 8
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Euphorbiaceae
Genus Euphorbia
Common names Spurge, Cushion Spurge, Euphorbia
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 18" - 24"
(50cm - 60cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Rabbit, Rocky Soil
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Euphorbia (Spurge)
Guides with
Euphorbia (Spurge)
Not sure which Euphorbia (Spurge) to pick?
Compare Now

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion Spurge) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion Spurge) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone