Alphabetical Plant Listing

Frangula caroliniana (Carolina Buckthorn)

Carolina Buckthorn, Carolina False Buckthorn, Yellow Buckthorn, Indian Cherry, Yellowwood, Rhamnus caroliniana, Rhamnus caroliniana var. mollis


Frangula caroliniana (Carolina Buckthorn) is a sparsely branched deciduous shrub or small tree with bright shiny green, ovate to elliptic leaves, 2-6 in. long (5-16 cm), adorned with prominent veins on the upper surface, and smooth to finely toothed margins. The foliage keeps it bright green color into late fall and produces a short-lived show of yellow fall color late in the season. Unlike some buckthorns, this species does not have any thorns on the branches. Clusters of inconspicuous, small white flowers are produced at the bases of the leaves in late spring to early summer. They are followed by copious red berries which turn black as they mature. Birds and other wildlife feast on them. Found in bottomlands, stream banks and woods of eastern and central USA, Carolina Buckthorn is easy to grow and can be used as a hedge or for screening or in naturalized areas to attract wildlife.

  • Grows up to 10-15 ft. tall and wide (300-450 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in slightly alkaline, consistently moist, well-drained soils.
  • No serious pest and disease issues.
  • Propagation by seed, semi-hardwood cuttings taken in late summer or dormant hardwood cuttings root. Sow fresh seed without pretreatment or stored seed which has been stratified.
  • Native to the eastern and central United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Spread 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, New Jersey, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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123rf, Gerry Bishop, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Spread 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, New Jersey, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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