Alphabetical Plant Listing

Gaultheria shallon (Shallon)

Oregon Wintergreen, Salal, Shallon, Shallon Bush


Native to western North America, Gaultheria shallon (Shallon) is a dense, robust, evergreen shrub with erect or spreading, intricately branched stems. They are covered with heart-shaped, nearly round, leathery, glossy green leaves that turn reddish-purple with winter cold. The evergreen foliage is so attractive that it is often used by florists in flower arrangements. In spring to mid summer, small, urn-shaped, white or light pink flowers dangle along reddish bristly stems in the upper leaf axils. They are followed by edible dark-blue berries that ripen in late summer.  The berries can be eaten fresh, cooked and dried. They are also a source of food for birds and mammals. Spreading by underground stems, Shallon will spread over time to form an attractive ground cover. Perfect for shady areas.

  • Grows up to 4-10 ft. tall and wide (120-300 cm). Will spread to form thickets in the landscape.
  • A part shade to full shade lover, this plant is best grown in moist or dry, acidic, well-drained soils.
  • Perfect for beds and borders, banks and slopes, city gardens, cottage gardens, rock gardens or containers. Great shrub for shade or woodland gardens.
  • Excellent resistance to pests and diseases.
  • Prune immediately after flowering.
  • Propagate by seed or by division of plants. Pot up with soil attached for best results.
  • Native to western North America from California to British Columbia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 8
Heat Zones 6 – 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 4' – 10' (120cm – 3m)
Spread 4' – 10' (120cm – 3m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Washington
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 8
Heat Zones 6 – 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 4' – 10' (120cm – 3m)
Spread 4' – 10' (120cm – 3m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Washington
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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