Alphabetical Plant Listing

Lupinus polyphyllus (Bigleaf Lupine)

Bigleaf Lupine, Blue-pod Lupine, Meadow Lupine, Bog Lupine


Very showy, Lupinus polyphyllus (Bigleaf Lupine) is a robust herbaceous perennial boasting large, rich-green, palmate leaves divided into 9-17 leaflets and elongated dense clusters of deep-blue to purple pea-shaped flowers. Blooming in late spring, they are borne on stout, ascending stems, well above the foliage. They are attractive to butterflies, hummingbirds and many pollinators. The spectacular blossoms are followed by brown pods, 1.5 in. long ( 4 cm), covered with woolly hairs and containing 5-9 spotted seeds. Formerly widely grown as an attractive addition to flower borders and cottage gardens, Lupinus polyphyllus is one of the parents in crosses that formed the renowned Russell Hybrids. Very desirable in a wetland garden, it looks breathtaking when planted in mass.

  • Grows up to 3-5 ft. tall (90-150 cm) and 2-3 ft. wide (60-90 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun in moist, well-drained soils.
  • Low maintenance, this plant is also deer resistant.
  • An excellent choice for informal gardens, prairies and meadows.
  • Cut back stems in winter.
  • Propagate by seed. Sow seeds in fall or divide mature plants in spring or late summer. Seeds may be slow to germinate.
  • Seeds are toxic if eaten in large quantities.
  • Native to moist places from California to British Columbia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 6
Climate Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Lupinus - Lupines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 24" – 36" (60cm – 90cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Montana, Southwest, Nevada
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Sergei Drozd, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 6
Climate Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Lupinus - Lupines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 24" – 36" (60cm – 90cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Montana, Southwest, Nevada
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Lupinus - Lupines

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