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Maclura pomifera (Osage Orange)

Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino, Ioxylon pomiferum, Toxylon pomiferum

Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino
Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino
Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino

Once planted in hedgerows, Maclura pomifera (Osage Orange) is a medium-sized, thorny, deciduous tree with a short trunk and a broad rounded crown of interlacing branches studded with stout thorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm). The ovate shiny dark green leaves turn brilliant yellow in fall. Osage Orange is dioecious, with separate male and female trees. Inconspicuous greenish flowers appear in mid-spring to early summer. The fertilized flowers on female trees give way to inedible green fruits, 3-5 in. across (7-12 cm), resembling oranges or grapefruits (hedge apples). The fruit is eaten by livestock, hence the common name of horse-apple. Thriving in the harshest conditions, tolerant of drought, heat, cold, and wind, Osage Orange is a durable tree that is popular for hedges. Rows of these spiny plants served as fences before the introduction of barbed wire. Native Americans used the wood for archery bows. A good choice for poor soils where other shrubs or trees may struggle.

  • Grows up to 30-60 ft. tall and wide (9-18 m).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, including dry soils, wet soils, poor soils, or clay soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Fruits and flowers create a significant litter problem.
  • Native to Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma, but has naturalized in a variety of environments throughout the United States.
  • Find where this species is invasive in the United States.

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Moraceae
Common names Osage Orange, Hedge Apple, Horse Apple
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 30' - 60'
(9.1m - 18.3m)
Spread 30' - 60'
(9.1m - 18.3m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants California, United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Missouri, Midwest, Nebraska, South Dakota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Iowa, Washington, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Rocky Mountains, Utah, Colorado
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Clay Soil, Wet Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Moraceae
Common names Osage Orange, Hedge Apple, Horse Apple
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 30' - 60'
(9.1m - 18.3m)
Spread 30' - 60'
(9.1m - 18.3m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants California, United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Missouri, Midwest, Nebraska, South Dakota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Iowa, Washington, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Rocky Mountains, Utah, Colorado
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Clay Soil, Wet Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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