Alphabetical Plant Listing

Maianthemum bifolium (False Lily of the Valley)

False Lily of the Valley, Mayflower, May Lily, One-Blade, One-Leaf, Two-Leaved Lily of the Valley, Wild Lily of the Valley, Smilacina biflora


Maianthemum bifolium (False Lily of the Valley) is a spreading herbaceous perennial with pairs of large, glossy, dark green, heart-shaped leaves, 3 in. long (8 cm), arising directly from rhizomes. In late spring to early summer, sprays of 15-20 star-shaped white flowers are held just above the foliage. They give way to showy, ruby red berries in late summer. Spreading by underground roots, False Lily of the Valley is a magnificent ground-covering plant for woodland gardens.

  • Grows up 6-9 in. tall (15-22 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm). May spread aggressively where happy.
  • Performs best in part shade in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Rich, moist, humusy soils are preferred. Intolerant of heat and humidity.
  • Easy to grow, False Lily of the Valley is a welcomed addition to shady gardens, cottage gardens, woodland gardens, naturalized areas or in moist areas near streams or ponds. Most effective as a groundcover or underplanting shrubs and roses.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for slugs and snails.
  • Propagate by seed, sown in containers in a cold frame as soon as ripe, or by division of rooted runners in spring.
  • Native to Eurasia, from western Europe to Japan.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 5
Climate Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Maianthemum - False Lily of the Valley
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Botanik Foto, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 5
Climate Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Maianthemum - False Lily of the Valley
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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