Alphabetical Plant Listing

Pinus strobiformis (Southwestern White Pine)

Southwestern White Pine, Mexican White Pine, Chihuahua White Pine


Pinus strobiformis (Southwestern White Pine) is a tall evergreen coniferous tree of pyramidal habit with a slender, straight trunk and an open crown becoming rounded to irregular with age. The soft, straight to slightly twisted, finely serrated, rich blue-green needles, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), are presented in bundles of five and persist for three to five years. The thick-scaled, egg-shaped, pendant seed cones, 10 in. long (25 cm), are creamy brown to light yellow-brown. Its large seeds are consumed by wildlife and were eaten by southwestern Indians. The bark is smooth and silvery gray on young trees, becoming dark gray-brown, furrowed and divided into rough rectangular plates on mature specimens.

  • Grows up to 80-100 ft. tall (24-30 m) and 20-40 ft. wide (6-12 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in well-drained soils.
  • Keep an eye our for blights, rusts, canker. Deer and rabbit resistant.
  • No pruning required.
  • Native to the mountains of western Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and southwestern Colorado and into the mountains to central Mexico.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 80' – 100' (24m – 30m)
Spread 20' – 40' (6m – 12m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Islavicek, Shutterstok

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 80' – 100' (24m – 30m)
Spread 20' – 40' (6m – 12m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Pinus - Pines

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