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Quercus cerris (Turkey Oak)

Turkey Oak, European Turkey Oak, Moss-Cupped Oak, Bitter Oak, Iron Oak, Manna Oak, Wainscot Oak

Quercus cerris, Turkey Oak, European Turkey Oak, Moss-Cupped Oak, Bitter Oak, Iron Oak, Manna Oak, Wainscot Oak, Tree with fall color, Fall color, Attractive bark Tree

Fast-growing, Quercus cerris (Turkey Oak) is a large, spreading deciduous tree of broad pyramidal habit. The foliage of narrow, oblong, lustrous dark green leaves, 5 in. long (12 cm), has deep, pointed lobes and turns yellow to gold in late fall. Inconspicuous yellow-green catkins appear in spring as the leaves emerge. The trunk and branches, with their deeply furrowed mauve-gray bark and reddish-brown or orange fissures, provide architectural elegance and winter interest. Its oval acorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), are a valuable source of food for small mammals and birds, but they do not ripen until fall of the second year. Noble, Turkey Oak can withstand air pollution, is relatively tolerant to drought and has an attractive appearance. It makes a great shade and specimen tree.

  • Grows up to 40-60 ft. tall and wide (12-18 m).
  • A full sun lover, this tree is easily grown in most deep, fertile, well-drained soils. Drought tolerant.
  • Keep an eye out for aphids, caterpillars, leaf-mining moths, oak gall wasps and powdery mildews.
  • Propagate by seed, sown as soon as ripe, in a cold frame.
  • Toxic to horses.
  • Native to western Asia, Europe.

Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 9
Heat Zones 7 - 9
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Fagaceae
Genus Quercus
Common names Turkey Oak, Iron Oak, Oak
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' - 60'
(12.2m - 18.3m)
Spread 40' - 60'
(12.2m - 18.3m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Drought
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Quercus douglasii (Blue Oak)
Quercus chrysolepis (Canyon Live Oak)
Quercus myrtifolia (Myrtle Oak)
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)
Quercus laurifolia (Laurel Oak)
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

Roots of Life: Exploring the Diverse World of Trees
Green Canopy, Better World: Exploring the Benefits of Trees
Trees that Invite Wildlife to Your Garden
Spectacular Trees for Vibrant Fall Colors: A Gardener’s Guide
Quercus (Oak) – Pests and Diseases to Watch Out For
Grow Your Own Oak Tree: A Step-by-Step Guide to Planting Acorns
8 Compelling Reasons Why You Should Plant an Oak Tree
Native Oak Trees: A Must-Have for Your Landscape
Native Plant Alternatives to Quercus acutissima (Sawtooth Oak)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 9
Heat Zones 7 - 9
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Fagaceae
Genus Quercus
Common names Turkey Oak, Iron Oak, Oak
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' - 60'
(12.2m - 18.3m)
Spread 40' - 60'
(12.2m - 18.3m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Drought
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Quercus (Oak)
Not sure which Quercus (Oak) to pick?
Compare Now

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